W. M.       - The great 17th century classic.
The Queens Closet OPENED.
BEING Incomparable Secrets in Physick, Chyrurgery, Preserving, and Candying, &c. Which were presented to the QUEEN By the most experienc'd Persons of the times, many whereof were had in Esteem when she pleased to descend to private Recreations. The Tenth Edition, Corrected, with many new and large additions; together with Three exact Tables. Vivit post Funera Virtus. LONDON, Printed for E.Blagrave, and are to be sold by the Booksellers of London and Westminster, 1696. Bound with -- A QUEENS Delight:-- OR, The Art of Preserving, Conserving, and Candying. As also, A right Knowledge of making Perfumes, and Distilling the most excellent Waters. LONDON Printed in the Year 1696. Bound with -- The Compleat COOK:-- Expertly Prescribing The most ready Ways, whether Italian, Spanish or French, FOR Dressing of Flesh and Fish, Ordering of Sauces, Or making of PASTRY. LONDON. Printed in the Year 1695.
12mo. 2feps.[1] Frontispiece of Henrietta Maria. Title Page.[1] 2p Preface. 4p Approvers Names. 1-163. 5p 'The Table' - THE 2ND PART; Title Page 'A Queens Delight'.[1] 171-264. 4p The Table. - THE 3RD PART; Title Page 'The Complete Cook'.[1] 271-401. 8p The Table.[1] 2feps. Fully Bound in contemporary dark brown calf with original boards and gilt tooled borders. Re-backed spine with gilt tooling, raised bands, and a red label with gilt lettering. Very clean internally, with minimal ageing to pages. Considering it is over 300 years old, a very scarce item in this fine condition.
- Henrietta Maria, Born 25 November 1609, was Princess of France and Queen Consort of England, Scotland and Ireland (13 June 1625 – 30 January 1649) through her marriage to Charles I. She was the mother of two kings, Charles II and James II, and was grandmother to Mary II, William III, and Queen Anne. The often hated catholic wife of King Charles 1 was well acquainted with a number of natural philosophers/scientists, including John Evelyn, Kenelm Digby, the physician Theodore Turquet de Mayerne, the mathematician John Pell and the apothecary John Parkinson. Drawing together the work of these men and other members of the queen’s household, Henrietta Maria’s name is associated with one of the most successful publications of the seventeenth century: ‘The Queens Closet Opened,’ first published in 1655. With various corrections and additions, it went into at least eighteen editions in the seventeenth century alone, and was further reprinted in the 18th century. It was in three parts, ‘The Pearl of Practise’ (remedies), ‘A Queens Delight’ (confectionery), and ‘The Compleat Cook’ (cookery). In the Preface, the presenter, W. M., informed the public that these were Henrietta Maria’s own receipts: Who is W.M.? In her fascinating article online, Jane Archer, of the University of Warwick, puts forward some compelling facts to support the theory that,----- ‘W. M.’ would have been instantly identifiable as Walter Montagu[e] (c.1603-1677), perhaps the closest and most loyal of Henrietta Maria’s ‘late servants’. A Catholic, an exile, a published author, a loyal servant who ‘fell with the Court’, and a secretary ---‘ Jane archer elaborates ‘---The precise facts of Montagu’s life are sketchy, but it is clear that he served Henrietta Maria as secretary and spy, a keeper and discoverer of secrets. The second son of the Earl of Manchester and a protégé of the Duke of Buckingham, Montagu first met Henrietta Maria in 1624, when he was sent on a secret mission to France to prepare the way for marriage negotiations. Following Buckingham’s assassination in 1628, Montagu established himself as a leading member of the Queen’s court at Denmark House. During the 1630s, he influenced the religious, political, cultural and philosophical life of Henrietta Maria’s household. Following his conversion to Catholicism in 1635, Montagu encouraged the Queen to take a more active role in propagating the Catholic faith in England ----‘ (because of this pushing of the Catholic faith, she become a hated figure, and her portrait as frontispiece to the ‘Closet Opened’ was often torn out. This is why many copies now lack the unique engraving) -----‘Montagu spent these years supervising the publication of his writings (some of which had previously circulated in manuscripts) in England. A brief scan of the dates of Montagu’s publications (1648, 1649, 1656 and 1660) reveals that he was in close and frequent contact with London publishers during the period when The Queens Closet Opened was first published.’ Archer further states ---‘ Indeed, if Montagu can be identified with ‘W. M.’, then it is tempting to interpret the publication of The Queens Closet Opened as a continuation of his work as loyal secretary to Henrietta Maria. An important aspect of the work of a secretary. ----‘ Due to failing health Henrietta Maria returned to her native France on the 24th June 1665, and lived the remainder of her life there. She died on 9th September 1669 at Colombes, near Paris. She was buried in St. Denis with the exception of her heart which was separately interred at Chaillot in a silver casket bearing the inscription; “Henrietta Maria, Queen of England, France, Scotland and Ireland, daughter of the King of France Henry IV the Victorious, wife of Charles I the Martyr and mother of the restored Charles II”. By any standards; a unique life and a unique book.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 10920

Walsh.   J.H.    
THE BRITISH COOKERY BOOK
UNITING A GOOD STYLE WITH ECONOMY, AND ADAPTED TO ALL PERSONS IN EVERY CLIME: CONTAINING MANY UNPUBLISHED RECEIPTS IN DAILY USE BY PRIVATE FAMILIES. COLLECTED BY A COMMITTEE OF LADIES, AND EDITED BY J.H. WALSH F.R.C.S., AUTHOR OF "A MANUAL OF DOMESTIC ECONOMY". New Edition with Engravings. LONDON: ROUTLEDGE, WARNE, AND ROUTLEDGE, FARRINGDON STREET; AND 56, WALKER STREET, NEW YORK. 1863.
8vo. 3feps. Frontispiece of kitchen ranges with a tissue guard. Title page. [1] (1)iv Preface. (1)vi-viii Contents. (1)2-350. 351-360 Bills of Fare. (1)362-375 Index. [1] 4feps. With eight wood engraved plates (including the Frontis) Original green cloth boards with fresh gilt stamped device on the front cover. The spine is relaid modern burgundy morocco with raised bands, gilt lines, two black labels with gilt lettering. Internally, very clean and tight except for the frontis which had overall small foxing.. A very nice copy.
- This is an exact copy of the first edition of 1859. The only difference is the change of title; from The English Cookery Book - 1859, to The British Cookery Book - 1863. Quite why it was changed from English to British, one can only guess. John Henry Walsh FRCS was born on 21st October, 1810, at Hackney, London. He was educated at private schools, and became a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1844. For several years he followed his profession of surgeon, but gradually abandoned it on account of the success of his works on the subject of sport. He wrote on sport under the pseudonym of "Stonehenge". He moved from the country to London in 1852, and the following year brought out his first important book, The Greyhound (3rd ed. 1875), In 1856 his Manual of British Rural Sports appeared, which ran to many editions. During the same year he joined the staff of 'The Field', and became its editor at the close of 1857. Among his numerous books published under the name of "Stonehenge" are: • The Shot-Gun and Sporting Rifle (1859) • The Dog in Health and Disease (1859; 4th ed. 1887) • The Horse in the Stable and in the Field (1861; 13th ed. 1890) • Dogs of the British Isles (1867; 3rd ed. 1885) • The Modern Sportsman's Gun and Rifle (1882-1884) While editor of The Field, Walsh instituted a series of trials of guns, rifles and sporting powders extending over a period of many years, which greatly tended to the development of sporting firearms; and his influence upon all branches of sport was stimulating and beneficial. Besides this volume of cookery he also published 'A Manual of Domestic Economy'. He died at Putney on 12 February 1888, aged 77.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11148

Walsh.   John Henry     - In fine original condition.
The English Cookery Book
uniting A GOOD STYLE WITH ECONOMY, and ADAPTED TO ALL PERSONS IN ANY CLIME; containing MANY UNPUBLISHED RECEIPTS IN USE BY PRIVATE FAMILIES. COLLECTED BY A COMMITTEE OF LADIES. and edited by J.H. WALSH F.R.C.S., author of 'A Manual of Domestic Economy' With Engravings. LONDON; G. ROTALEDGE AND CO. FARRINGDON STREE; AND 18 BEEKMAN STREET, NEW YORK. 1859.
FIRST EDITION. 8vo. 1fep. Frontispiece of kitchen ranges. Title page. [1] (1)iv Preface. (1)vi-viii Contents. (1)2-350. 351-360 Bills of Fare. (1)362-375 Index. [1] 1fep. With eight wood engraved plates (including the Frontis) Publisher's quarter red morocco and green cloth, gilt stamped on the spine and front cover. Housed in modern quarter dark tan and marbled boards slip-case, with gilt lines and tooling and gilt lettering. Internally very clean and tight with sometime past strengthening of the inside guttering. An extremely nice copy in this condition.
- Cagle, on pp 752, records an edition of 1858, unrecorded in other bibliographies. This edition of 1859 is a first also. Whether it is a 1st or 2nd issue is difficult to ascertain. The Preface is dated September 1858. Lacking any further information in the book or in Bitting or Axford, one might assume this is a first edition - 2nd issue. The spine and boards are in exceptional condition. The spine is filled with the original beautiful bright gilt figures and lettering. A large bright gilt ornament of the quality is on the front cover. They are as good as new, thus the reason for the slip case.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 10942

Walton.   Izaak     - A miniature with original binding.
The Compleat Angler
OR THE Contemplative Man's Recreation BEING A DISCOURSE OF RIVERS, FISH-PONDS, FISH AND FISHING WRITTEN BY IZAAK WALTON LONDON: HENRY FROWDE OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS WAREHOUSE AMEN CORNER, E.C.
64mo. 2,1/16" x 1,3/4".(48 x 55mm) 1fep. Half title. Frontispiece of Walton. Decorative Title Page with the words "The Complete Angler or the Contemplative Men's Recreation" Title Page. [1] vii-xii Epistle Dedicatory. xiii-xix+(1)1-588. (Strangely the pagination has the page numbering starting in the middle of the dedication to the Reader). Has little engravings of fish in the text. Bound in the publishers original clean full limp dark fawn crushed morocco with gilt lettering on spine and front cover. All housed in a full brown calf clam-shell box with gilt lines on the boards. Spine has raised bands with gilt lines and green and red labels with gilt lettering. Inside the clam-shell box is lined with red felt. Internally the book is very clean. A handsome little item. Extremely scarce.
- An Oxford University Press, Miniature Edition. There is no date, but on the verso of the decorative title, it states: from "the fifth edition, much corrected and enlarged". The fifth edition, published in 1676, was the last which Walton himself corrected. This little volume was probably published - circa 1900. Walton’s famous treatise on fishing was printed five times in the seventeenth century. It was first published in May of 1653 with an engraved title-page and engravings of six fishes in the text. The second edition of 1655 contains many alterations and additions to the text, the number of pages being increased from 246 to 355, and the number of chapters from 13 to 21. Seven commendatory poems were prefixed. Four engravings of fishes were added. The third edition was printed in 1661 and re-issued in 1664, with a new title-page. A commendatory poem by Brome previously printed is omitted, and there are a few alterations in the text. The most significant additions are the "Postscript touching the Lawes of Angling" and the Index. The fourth edition was printed in 1668 and closely followed the third in content. The fifth edition, printed in 1676, introduced further changes. The text was revised and considerable additions were made, the length of the text being increased by 20 pages. The copper-plates were re-engraved. Altogether, 'The Compleat Angler' was reprinted 10 times in the eighteenth century, about 117 times in the nineteenth century, and between 30 and 40 times in the twentieth century. Of a single edition published by Cassell & Co. in 1886, 80,000 copies had been sold by 1914. The text of the fifth edition, 1676, has usually been followed in the subsequent printings. A hugely successful book over the centuries that has few rivals.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 10953

Warner.   Richard     - With a signed hand written letter from Warner.
Antiquitates Culinariae;
or Curious Tracts relating to the Culinary affairs of the Old English, With a preliminary discourse, Notes, and Illustrations, By The Reverend Richard Warner, of Sway, near Lymington, Hants. Printed for R. Blamire Strand, London, 1791.
FIRST & SOLE EDITION. Large 4to. 1feps with a tipped in hand written letter from Richard Warner. [1] Frontispiece - an aquatint plate of 'A Saxon Entertainment' Engraved title-page. [2] 1 double-paged aquatint plate of the famous 'Peacock Feast'. (1)ii-lvii Preliminary Discourse. [1] (1)-l The Contents. [1]2-137. [1]1fep. Occasional very minor spotting, else a very well-preserved wide-margined large paper copy. Rare original cloth boards and leather spine with gilt lettering. Both ends of the spine slightly rubbed and a crack on one side but still solid. The tipped in 1p hand written letter from the Rev.Richard Warner to 'Mr Dear Sir' asking for a facsimile "of the words per me Ric. Abbem at the foot of the acknowledgement of supremecy of Hen: VIII." 110x160mm with very minor blemishes just above the signature. Dated 14th August 1825 - Weston super Mare, Somerset.
- Richard Warner (1763–1857), divine and antiquary, born in Marylebone, London, on 18 Oct. 1763, was the son of Richard Warner, ‘a respectable London tradesman.’ Early in his sixth year he was sent to a boarding-school near London, and remained there until his father removed, with his family, to Lymington in Hampshire, described by him in his ‘Literary Recollections’. On 19 Oct. 1787 he matriculated from St. Mary Hall, Oxford, and kept eight terms at the university, but left without taking a degree. About 1790 Warner was ordained by William Markham, archbishop of York, his title being the curacy of Wales, near Rotherham, where he stayed for three months, the curacy of his vicarage of Boldre, near Lymington for nearly four years. The influence of Gilpin's tastes was afterwards perceptible in the topographical writings of Warner. Then the more lucrative curacy of Fawle for over two years; but the situation did not agree with his family. The chapel of All Saints, Bath, in the parish of Walcot, was opened for divine service on 26 Oct. 1794, and Warner was placed in charge of it as curate to John Sibley, rector of the mother parish. In April 1795 he accepted the curacy of the populous parish of St. James's, Bath, and he continued in that position for about twenty-two years, preaching his farewell sermon on 23 March 1817. For many years after his settlement at Bath, Warner was the best-known man of letters in that city, and he knew all the literary men who frequented it. Warner was appointed on 13 May 1809 to the rectory of Great Chalfield in Wiltshire, which he enjoyed until his death. In the 1826 list of fellows of the Society of Antiquaries his name appears as elected, but he was never admitted. He died on 27 July 1857, when nearly ninety-four years of age, and was buried on 11 Aug. 1857 in the chancel of Chelwood church, a monument being erected to his memory. The widow, Anne [‘Pearson’], died at Widcombe Cottage, Bath, on 23 March 1865, aged 85, and was buried at Chelwood. One daughter, Ellen Rebecca Warner, was also buried there on 18 Sept. 1833. Warner's voluminous writings comprised over 44 various volumes. Given this huge output, one wonders if the people of his many parishes knew what he looked like. This, his infamous book, ‘Antiquitates Culinariæ: Tracts on Culinary Affairs of the Old English,’ 1791 attracted the attention and ire of John Carter (1748–1817) who prosecuted him for pirating in this work his print of the ‘Peacock Feast,’ and got a verdict for 20l guineas. The print was therefore torn from all the copies then unsold. This action cost Warner 70l guineas in all. Interestingly, Warner had been told that Carter had given permission for the reproduction. This fine original copy has survived with the ‘Peacock Feast’ plate intact.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11056

Warner.   Richard     - With a signed hand written letter from Richard Warner .
Antiquitates Culinariae;
or Curious Tracts relating to the Culinary affairs of the Old English, With a preliminary discourse, Notes, and Illustrations, By The Reverend Richard Warner, of Sway, near Lymington, Hants. Printed for R. Blamire Strand, London, 1791.
'FIRST & SOLE EDITION. Large 4to. 4feps. [1]1 Double page aquatint plate of the famous 'Peacok Feast. [1] Engraved title-page. [2] Single page aquatint plate of 'A Saxon Entertainment' (1)ii-lvii Preliminary Discourse. [1] (1)-l The Contents. [1]2-137. [1]3feps. The Title Page has some foxing and the the double engraved plate is very slightly age browned otherwise a very clean and very well-preserved wide-margined large paper copy. Also enclosed is a 3 page, 185x222mm signed handwritten letter in good condition from Richard Warner to David Read, discussing and listing a number of his religious publications. Dark brown calf boards rubbed but with a nice patina, with original dark brown morocco spine with bright gilt lettering. With the bookplate of John Marks on the front pastedown. A rare collector's item, especially with the Warner letter.
- Richard Warner (1763-1857) was a prominent English antiquarian and divine. His ‘Antiquitates Culinariae’ was one of the first works to examine the history of early English cookery, at the forefront of a scholarly movement that developed over the last three decades of the eighteenth century. The book contains Warner's detailed introductory notes, then 'The Forme of Cury', copied from an ancient vellum roll thought to have been compiled about 1390 by the master cooks of King Richard II. It further contains 'Ancient Cookery, A.D. 1381', which is another collection of recipes from the same vellum roll. Also 'Ancient Cookery', a collection of recipes from a fifteenth-century manuscript but which dates from a much earlier period, plus 'Ancient Recepts to Preserve Fruits' from the mid-seventeenth century. An account of the enthronization feast of George Neville as Archbishop of York in the reign of King Edward IV, and an account of the enthronization feast of William Warham as Archbishop of Canterbury in 1504, are also recorded. The double-page colored plate titled "A Peacock Feast," which is present in this volume, was removed from most copies, owing to a dispute with the original publisher. Cagle notes this title was printed on both large and smaller paper. This copy is one of the large paper issues. Bitting, p. 485; Cagle, 1049; Crahan sale 446; Simon 1607.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11069

Willis.   Michael     - Extremely scarce first edition.
COOKERY MADE EASY;
BEING A COMPLETE SYSTEM OF DOMESTIC MANAGEMENT, UNITING Elegance with Economy. TO WHICH IS ADED, INSTRUCTIONS FOR TRUSSING AND CARVING, WITH SEVERAL DESCRIPTIVE PLATES; MOTHOD OF CURING AND DRYING HAAMS AND TONGUES; MUSHROOMS AND WALNUT KETCHUPS, QUIN’S SAUCE, VINEGARS, &c. &c. With other necessary Information FOR SMALL FAMILIES, HOUSEKEEPERS, &c. THE WHOLE Being the Result of actual Experience. By MICHAEL WILLIS, MANY YEARS COOK AT THE THATCHED-HOUSE TAVERN. LONDON: PRINTED BY W. LEWIS, 21, FINCH LANE; FOR JOHN BUMPUS, HOLBURN BARS; AND BE HAD OF ALL BOOKSELLERS. 1824
FIRST EDITION. 164 X 100mm. 1fep. [1] Unusual Frontispiece of two meat suppliers. Title page. [1] (1)iv-vi Preface. (1)viii-xvi Contents. 5p Plates of Trussing and Carving. (1)2-205. 206-213 Bills of Fare. p214-216 Marketing Tables. 2feps. Frontis evenly foxed. Some age browning and light sporadic foxing throughout. Original slightly faded grey cloth covers with a dark leather and gilt label on spine.
- At Willis's place of employment during the London season on Sunday evenings, the Thatched House Tavern on St. James St. hosted the dinners of the Dilettanti Society. Portraits of the members, many of them painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds, adorned the walls of a room devoted exclusively to their use. The society met originally at Parsloe's in St. James's St., but moved to the Thatched House Tavern in 1799. Many other art societies and associations, as well as the Royal Navy club used the large and elegant rooms of the Tavern. St. James Street dates to 1670 and runs northward from St James Palace. The poets Waller and Pope lived there, Wren till he died in 1723, Gibbon the historian till 1794 and Lord Byron lodged at #8, in 1811. The tavern was also the favourite haunt of Swift. At the south-west end of the street next to the Palace was the St James Coffee Hse, but taken down in 1806. From early times the street found favour with the London literary scene, which in turn was favourable to the growth of well appointed taverns and clubs. The Thatched House was pulled down in 1863. It was nearly the last remaining relic of old St James St. On part of its site the Civil Service club was erected. Michael Willis the cook and author, appears to be a very confident man, especially about his book. In the last lines of the preface he proclaims: “The object of the writer has been to furnish a valuable and useful book at a low price; and the approbation of the public is his highest ambition. It contains twice as much as any similar works hitherto published at Four Pounds the Price! and he has no hesitation in asserting, that it is surpassed by none, either in quantity, quality, or variety”. It is a interesting book with some nice detail in the recipes, as expected of a professional cook. Also interesting as a culinary record of a famous and high class Tavern. The book has been produced in a modern facsimile, so it has had a modern impact that could never have been foreseen nor dreamed of by Willis two centuries ago.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11207

Woodward.   S.P.     - In fine original condition.
A MANUAL OF THE MOLLUSCA
BEING A TREATISE OF RECENT AND FOSSIL SHELLS By S.P. WOODWARD, A.L.S., F.G.S. LATE ASSISTANT PALAEONTOLOGIST IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM WITH AN APPENDIX OF RECENT AND FOSSIL CONCHOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES By RALPH TATE, A.L.S., F.G.S. Illustrated by A.N. WATERHOUSE AND JOSEPH WILSON LOWRY Reprint of Fourth Edition (1880). (A printer’s device of a fire torch with words “Capio Lumen). LONDON CROSBY LOCKWOOD AND SON 7, STATIONERS’ HALL COURT, LUDGATE HILL 1890.
Thick 8vo. 178x132mm. 1fep. Half Title. [2] Frontispiece of the Pearly Nautilus. Title Page. [1] (1)vi-viii. (1)x-xvi Contents. (1)2-507. (1)509-518. 1p Index to Figures. 1p Explanation of Plates. 23 Engraved plates of Molusces with all versos blank. [1] 521-542 Explanation of the Plates. (1)Title page - Appendix to the Manual [1] 3-81. [1] 83-85(1) Index to Appendix. (1)2-48 Crosby Lockwood & Son’s Catalogue. (1)2-16 Weales Catalogue. 1fep. Bottle green cloth binding with fine bright gilt tooling on the spine and front board. There is a 50x20mm water stain on the back cover. Besides that, inside and outside in very good condition – as new.
- Samuel Pickworth Woodward was born in Norwich on 17 September,1821. He died at Herne Bay, Kent on 11 July 1865. The son of the geologist Samuel Woodward he followed his father's footsteps and also became a famous geologist. S. P. Woodward was sub-curator of the Geological Society of London from 1839–45, then became in 1845 professor of geology and natural history at the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester. In 1848 to 1865 he was appointed assistant in the department of geology and mineralogy at the British Museum. ‘A Manual of Mollusca’, was originally published in three parts - 1851, 1853 and 1856. It is also considered a classical text. It is a very interesting book for such a scholarly work. Did you know that besides a systemic heart Cuttlefish have another 2 bronchial hearts? Once you start reading the myriad features of these shellfish one is completely struck by the fact that they are formed even stranger than they look. It also has a very interesting 270 in-text illustrations with many of the woodcuts being executed by Miss A.N. Waterhouse from original drawings by the author. The twenty-three pages of engravings by Mr Wilson Lowry are amazing in their variety and quantity. There are also 27 additional illustrations in the appendix. A large folding map is bound in to distinguish the sea provinces of all the various concentrations of mollusca. Very rare in this fine original condition.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11177

Woolley.   Hannah     - two incomplete copies, together making one whole.
The Gentlewomans Companion,
OR, A GUIDE TO THE Female Sex: CONTAINING Directions of Behaviour, in all Places, Companies, Relations and Conditions, form their Child-hood down to Old Age: VIZ. As, Children to Parents. Scholars to Governours. Single to Servants. Virgins to Suitors. Married to Husbands. Huswifes to the House. Mistress to Servants. Mothers to Children. Widows to the World. Prudent to all. With LETTERS & DISCOURSES upon all Occasions. Whereunto is added, A Guide fotr Cook-maids, Dairy-maids, chamber-maids, and all others that go to Service. The whole beingan exact Rule for the Female Sex in General. By HANNAH WOOLLEY. LONDON, Printed by A.Maxwell for Edward Thomas, at the Adam and Eve in Little-Brittan, 1675.
1ST BOOK: 16mo. 1 loose fep with manuscript signature. Title Page in red and black text with a double lined border. [1] 7p Epistle Directory. [1] 9p A Table. [1] 1-262. 5p Advertisements. [1] Only the back cardboard cover present but exposed. Original full dark calf binding, completely dis-bound. A 1" tear and crack on the spine. (Missing -- Frontispiece, I, I8, K8, L, R-R8. P159-160 has 2" tear on outer edge with some text loss. First 4p of the rear Advertisements). The text block is quite clean with minimal age browning and some minor tears without loss. A nice clean copy. 2ND BOOK: 16mo. 2fep. [1] Engraved Frontispiece cropped and laid down. Title page in red and black text, cropped to inside line of the 2 line border and laid down. [1] 5p Epistle Directory. [1] 9p A Table. [1] 1-262. 8p Advertisements. 2feps. (Missing - pA4 of Epistle Directory and the last page of the rear advertisements). Half dark calf with marbled boards with a sunned spine and gilt lettering. Text block age browned with the top of the pages cropped without loss. Both copies housed in a modern half mid-tan calf clam-shell box with mid-brown cloth boards. Lined with black felt cloth. The spine with raised bands and gilt lines. With two labels of red and green morocco with gilt lettering. Unusually Woolley's name spelled differently here from the 'Wolley' in her other book - 'The Queen-like Closet'.
- Woolley, (born 1623 - died circa 1675) was a writer who published early books on household management and was probably the first to earn their living doing this. Her mother and elder sisters were all skilled in ‘Physick and Chirurgery’ and she learned from them . Nothing is known of her father. From 1639 to 1646 Woolley worked as a servant for an unnamed woman, almost certainly Anne, Lady Maynard (died,1647), during which time she learned about medical remedies and recipes. She married Jerome Woolley, a schoolmaster, in 1646 and with him, ran a free grammar school at Newport, in Essex. This is very near the Maynard family's house at Little Easton. In the school she put into practice her skills at ‘physick’. A few years later, the Woolleys opened a school in Hackney, London. She had at least four sons and two daughters, and the marriage was remembered by Hannah as a happy one. Hannah was widowed in 1661 and from that year on began publishing books on household management. She covered such topics as: recipes, notes on domestic management, embroidery instruction, the etiquette of letter writing, medicinal advice, and perfume making. These proved to be very popular. Her first book The Ladies Directory was published at her own expense in 1661, and this was soon reprinted in 1664. Her second book The Cooks Guide, was printed at a her publisher's expense and is dedicated to Maynard's daughter, Lady Anne Wroth (1632–1677), and her own daughter Mary. Woolley earned a reputation as a successful physician, despite her amateur status and the unwelcoming environment for female medical practitioners at that time in history. She used her books as an advertisement for her skills and invited her readers to consult her in person. Woolley remarried in 1666 at St. Margaret's, Westminster, to Francis Challiner, a widower two years older than herself. But her second husband died before February 1669. Woolley's own date of death is unknown. Rather than try to make a made-up complete copy with the difference in cropped page sizes and varying paper colour, the two copies here have been kept as they are and housed together in a handsomely bound clamshell box. The first edition was published in 1673. Even though this is an unauthorized text based on Hannah's books, never the less it is still Woolley's work and extremely rare.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11130

Woolley.   Hannah     - The rare first edition.
THE COMPLEAT SERVANT-MAID.
OR, THE Young Maidens Tutor. Directing how they may fit, and qualifie themselves for any of those Employments. Viz, Waiting Women, House-keeper, Chamber-maid, Cook-Maid, Under Cook-Maid, Nursery-maid, Dairy-Maid, House-Maid, Scullery-Maid. (a single line) Composed for the great benefit and advantage of all young Maidens. (a single line) LONDON, Printed for T. Passinger, at the tree Bibles on London Bridge, 1677.
FIRST EDITION. 150x92mm. 1fep with large bookplate of John George Mortlock and Licence information on Verso. Title page has a full double line border. [1] 7 pages The Epistle. [1] 1-167. 3 pages Advertisements. 2feps. 2 folding plates of writing examples, between pages 20-21. 1 plate repaired without loss. Pages 142-154 Bills of Fare. Lightly age-browned throughout. Original dark brown calf boards neatly re-tipped. Modern calf spine sympathetically bound in.
- Jilly Lehmann in her very informative book ‘The British Housewife’ has assembled from meagre facts a good dated biography of Hannah Woolley. Probably born 1623, she was one of the most prolific Elizabethan cookery writers. Due to the fact that her works were heavily plagiarised and she produced in total, five cookery books between 1661 and 1677, it made her the dominant figure amongst cookery authors. She was also the first to put her name to her works (although this volume remains anonymous) and make a precarious living from writing cookery books. In the supplement of ‘The Queen-like Closet’, Woolley informs us the she learned her cookery skills from her mother and elder sisters. By the age of seventeen she was employed for seven years by a noble lady, who encouraged her by buying her ingredients and books. She then married Woolley in 1647 when she was twenty-four. Woolley was the master of a free school at Newport Pond in Essex. Seven years later they moved and opened another school in Hackney with sixty boarders. Woolley died leaving Hannah with four children to support. She then married Francis Challinor in 1666. In the early 1660’s she possibly worked for Lady Anne Wroth and her daughter Mary to whom ‘The Cooks Guide’ is dedicated. This last book of Woolley’s is unusual, in that it addresses the complete back-of-house department skills besides just the kitchen. Addressing all the servants, or in Woolley’s words; Young Maidens, advising them of the various crucial skills needed to secure their position and improve them and importantly, to please their titled employers. This book shows just how astute Woolley was. She identified the back-of-house areas not generally covered solely in cookery books and produced one just specifically for that purpose. Oxford has a 1677 edition and comments on the usefulness of this little book. He informs of a 9th edition of 1729 with a supplement, but the plates removed. Hazlitt and Cagle have each a 5th edition of 1691. COPAC shows nine copies of the 1677 - 1st edition in UK holdings.

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ref number: 11215