Coghan.   Thomas    
THE HAVEN OF HEALTH.
Cheifely gathered for the comfort of Students, and consequently of all those that have a care of their health; amplified upon five words of Hypocrates, written Epid.6. Labor, Cibus, Potie, Somnus, Venus. Hereunto is added, a preservation form the Pestilence, with a short censureof the late sickness in Oxford. By Thomas Coghan, Master of Arts, and Bachelor of Physicke. Ecclesiasicus oap.37.30. By surfeit have many perished: but he that dieteth himselfe prolongeth his life. The fourth Edition, corrected and amended. LONDON, Printed by Anne Griffin, for Roger Ball, and are to be sold at his shop without Temple-barre, at the Golden Anchor next the Nags-head Taverne. 1636.
Small 4to. 2feps with bookplates of Aldenham and W.G. Peene. Title page. [1] 8p Epistle Dedicatorie. 6p To the Reader. 1+2-321. [1] 22p The Table. 2feps. Modern quarter calf with marbled boards, slightly rubbed. Spine with gilt lines and black label with gilt lettering. Title page age darkened. Some soiling and marginal damp-staining. C1 defective with lower outer portion torn. Closed tear to E4. Lower outer corner of H3 torn without loss of text. Final leaf (V4) slightly damp frayed and with two small worm holes affecting lettering of final line of recto. Small neat scattered pencil marginalia throughout especially on the feps.
- The first printed English cookery book, the ‘Boke of Cokery’ produced by Pynson in 1500, was based on 15th-century texts. There was no immediate rush to print cookery books; what did appear were books of advice on diet and health, and on household and estate management, two areas which are often associated with receipts in medieval manuscripts. The best known of the first type are Sir Thomas Elyot’s 'Castel of Health'. 1539, (see item 11253 on this site) and Andrew Boorde’s ‘Dyetary of Health’ circa 1542. The two books are remarkably similar, giving advice on healthy lifestyle based on Galen, although both authors offer comments on what is suitable for Englishmen, thus adapting Galenic theory to their readers. Thomas Coghan, a later rival to these authors, based his 'Haven of Health' (1584) on Elyot, but changed the order of his book to follow Hippocrates rather than Galen, and supplied a much more extensive commentary on a wider variety of herbs than the earlier writer. In these texts one can begin to discern signs of change at the dinner-table, with Elyot’s remarks on the wholesomeness of beef for the healthy Englishman, and with Coghan’s comments on salads, eaten at the beginning of the meal, and on apple tarts, eaten at the end. The second type of publication is best represented by Thomas Tusser’s doggerel writings, ‘A Hundreth Good Pointes of Husbandrie’ 1557, expanded to 'Five Hundreth Points' in 1573. The expanded version gives advice to housewives, stressing their role as providers of care and medicines for the sick, as well as managers of the daily routine of the household. Thomas Coghan advised students to breakfast on light, digestible foods, to avoid overloading the stomach with a variety of meats at one meal, to cut down on salt and to drink milk as a counteractant to melancholy. He recognized that excessive study made students prone to mental breakdown and recommended that they take regular breaks from study to avoid exhausting their mental energy, and that they refresh their minds with recreations such as music or games” (Norman 493). “It is a book of good sense… By the use of ‘one dish onely at one meale, and drinking thereto but small drinke’ he became slender” (Osler 2331). Coghan divided preventative health into five categories: labor or exercise of body and mind, eating, drinking, sleeping and sexual relations. Includes recipes for a variety of healthy drinks, including aqua vitae, rofa solis, cinnamon water, wormwood wine and buttered beer. Norman 493. STC 5481. Lowndes, 487. See Cagle 621-22, Osler 2331-33, Walleriana 2036.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11045

Cole.   Mary     The Third edition very much improved.
THE LADY's COMPLETE GUIDE;
or, COOKERY IN ALL ITS BRANCHES CONTAINING The most approved Receipts, confirmed by Observation and Practice, in every reputable English Book of Cookery now extant; besides a great Variety of others which have never before been offered to the Public. Also several translated from the productions of Cooks of Eminence who have published in France, particularly the Duke de Nivernois's, M. Commo's Historie de Cuisine, M. Di-sang's Maitre d' Hotel, M. Valois, and M. Delatour, with their respective Names to each Receipt; which, with the ORIGINAL ARTICLES, form the most complete System of Cookery ever yet exhibited, under the following Heads, viz. ROASTING, SOUPS, TARTS, BOILING, SAUCES, PIES, MADE -DISHES, GRAVIES, PASTIES, FRYING, HASHES, CHEESECAKES. BROILING, STEWS, JELLIES, POTTING, PUDDINGS, PICKLING, FRICASSEES , CUSTARDS, PRESERVING, RAGOUTS, CAKES, CONFECTIONARY, &c. To which is added, in order to render it as complete and perfect as possible, A LIST OF EVERY THING IN SEASON, SEVERAL OF FARE, AND AN ELEGANT COLLECTION OF LIGHT DISHES FOR SUPPER. ALSO THE COMPLETE BREWER; CONTAING Familiar Instructions for brewing all Sorts of Beer and Ale; including the proper Management of the Vault or Cellar. LIKEWISE THE FAMILY PHYSICIAN; Consisting of a considerable Collection of approval Prescriptions by Mead, Sydenham, Tissot, Fothergill, Elliot, Buchan, and Other. (two full length double lines) BY MRS. MARY COLE, Cook to the Right Hon. The Earl of Drogheda. (two full length double lines) LONDON: PRINTED FOR G. KEARSLEY, NO. 46, FLEET-STREET. 1791.
8vo. 204 x 137mm. 1fep. Half-title. [1] Title page. [1] v-viii Preface. (1)x-xiv Cook & Housewife's Calendar. (1)xvi-xx Proper Articles to cover the Table every Month. xxi-xxii Family Suppers. xxiii-xxiv Specimen of a House-keeping Books. xxv-xxxii Marketing Tables. xxxiii-Iii Contents. (1)2 - 440. 441 - 460 Index. 1fep. Full dark brown calf. Original spine with faded gilt tooling and red label. The text block very clean except for the half-title and last page which are quite dusty. Overall a nice copy.
- In Petits Propos Culinaires; booklet # 43, there is a well-written and informative article by Fiona Lucraft on recipe plagiarism of cookery books. Aimed primarily at John Farley the Head Chef of the London Tavern and 18th century author of the well-known cookery book titled; 'The London Art of Cookery' (see on this site for the 1st edition of 1783: item #11035). The extensively researched plagiarism highlights the other key authors whose recipes Farley copied. This article throws by default, Mary Cole's well documented declaration of the source of the recipes she used or copied in her own cookery book, claiming full credit in her preface for this new and transparent innovation. Lucraft in her PPC notes, surmises at the end of her article that Cole herself also bears scrutiny. She found after researching the Cole recipes where no source is declared, that they came from Farley. She further cites Jilly Lehman in her French Thesis on 18th century cookery books, whereby Lehman informs that William Verral, Clermont and Dalrymple are also sources not credited for their recipes by Mary Cole. Another puzzling note brought to our attention by Virginia Maclean in her STC of Cookery Books: 1701-1800, is the fact that Cole cites six French authors on her title-page and three others in her preface. Nine in total. Only one, 'Clermont', can be identified. Maclean further queries of the other eight, whether they had cookery books of which no other trace has survived. Maclean ventures an alternative hypothesis. That Cole adds those French names to make fun of those English cookery book authors who parade foreign names on their title pages. Either scenario involves modifying previous good impressions of Cole and her cookery book. Never the less her book is not only cookery recipes, but gives comprehensive medical and brewing information. Axford p244. Bitting, 94. Cagle 623. Maclean, page 29. Oxford, p117-119. Simon BG 363.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11302

Collingwood. F   and Woolams. J.     - The very scarce 2nd edition.
THE UNIVERSAL COOK,
AND City and Country Housekeeper. CONTAINING ALL THE VARIOUS BRANCHES OF COOKERY: THE DIFFERENT METHODS OF DRESSING Butchers Meat, Poultry, Game, and Fish; AND OF PREPARING GRAVIES, CULLICES, SOUPS, AND BROTHS; TO DRESS ROOTS AND VEGETABLES, AND TO PREPARE Little elegant Dishes for Supper or light repasts: TO MAKE ALL SORTS OF PIES. PUDDINGS, PANCAKES, AND FRITTERS; CAKES, PUFFS, AND BISCUITS; CHEESECAKES, TARTS, AND CUSTARDS; CREAMS AND JAMS; BLANC MANGE, FLUMMERY, ELEGANT ORNAMENTS, JELLIES, AND SYLLABUBS. The various Articles in CANDYING, DRYING, PRESERVING, AND PICKLING. THE PREPARATION OF HAMS, TONGUES, BACON, &C. DIRECTIONS FOR TRUSSING POULTRY, CARVING, AND MARKETING. THE MAKING AND MANAGEMENT OF Made Wines, Cordial Waters, and Malt Liquors. TOGETHER WITH Directions for Baking Breads, the Management of Poultry and the Dairy, and the Kitchens and Fruit Garden; with a Catalogue of the Various articles in Season in the different Months of the Year. BESIDES A VARIETY OF USEFUL AND INTERESTING TABLES. The Whole Embellished with The Heads of the Authors, Bills of Fare for every Month in the Year, and proper Subjets for the Improvement of the Art of Carving, elegantly engraved on Copper-Plates. By FRANCIS COLLINGWOOD, AND JOHN WOOLLAMS. Principal Cooks at the Crown and Anchor Tavern in the Strand ---- Late from the London Tavern. THE SECOND EDITION. LONDON: PRINTED BY R. NOBLE, FOR J. SCATCHERD, NO. 12, AVE-MARIA-LANE. 1797.
8vo. 1fep. Half title. [2] Frontispiece of both authors. Title page. [1] 4p. Preface. 20p Contents. 12 engraved plates of bills of fare for every month, with each verso blank. (curiously there is a light water stain only on the plates. Not objectionable) (1)2-432. 433-444 A Catalogue. 445-451 Marketing Tables. 1p Advertising. 1fep. Original full dark calf covered boards with blind tooled lines on the boards. The sympathetically re-laid spine has raised bands and gilt lines. With a brown label and gilt lettering. Overall has a nice patina. Besides the light stain on the plates, the text block is very clean.
- F. Collingwood and J. Woollams had the unique distinction of having their first edition of ‘The Universal Cook’ of 1792, being translated into French and sold in France. Published in Paris in 1810 it was re-named ‘ Le Cuisinier Anglais Universal ou le Nec Plus Ultra de la Gourmandise’. This was the time of the war with Napoleon, but the reputation of London food and its Cooks stood high with foreigners. The first smart restaurant to open in Paris the same year as ‘The Universal Cook’ was published, was called La Grande Taverne de Londres, after the London Tavern, where John Farley its famous Chef was serving his tenure. Collingwood and Woollams had also had a spell at the London Tavern, so one assumes they were as well known as Farley. This is a nice copy of the second edition printed seven years after the first. The illustration of the two authors as the book frontispiece are quite delicately etched and not as heavy handed as in later editions. With the bookplate of the famous cookery book collector - Lord Westbury, tipped onto the front paste-down.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11131

Collingwood. F   and Woolams. J.     - The very rare first edition.
THE UNIVERSAL COOK,
AND City and Country Housekeeper. CONTAINING ALL THE VARIOUS BRANCHES OF COOKERY: THE DIFFERENT METHODS OF DRESSING Butchers Meat, Poultry, Game, and Fish; AND OF PREPARING GRAVIES, CULLICES, SOUPS, AND BROTHS; TO DRESS ROOTS AND VEGETABLES, AND TO PREPARE Little elegant Dishes for Supper or light Repasts: TO MAKE ALL SORTS OF PIES. PUDDINGS, PANCAKES, AND FRITTERS; CAKES, PUFFS, AND BISCUITS; CHEESECAKES, TARTS, AND CUSTARDS; CREAMS AND JAMS; BLANC MANGE, FLUMMERY, ELEGANT ORNAMENTS, JELLIES, AND SYLLABUBS. The various Articles in CANDYING, DRYING, PRESERVING, AND PICKLING. THE PREPARATION OF HAMS, TONGUES, BACON, &C. DIRECTIONS FOR TRUSSING POULTRY, CARVING, AND MARKETING. THE MAKING AND MANAGEMENT OF Made Wines, Cordial Waters, and Malt Liquors. Together with Directions for Baking Bread, the Management of Poultry and the Dairy, and the Kitchens and Fruit Garden; with a Catalogue of the Various articles in Season in the different Months of the Year. Besides a Variety of USEFUL AND INTERESTING TABLES. The Whole Embellished with The Heads of the Authors, Bills of Fare for every Month in the Year, and proper Subjets for the Improvement of the Art of Carving, elegantly engraved on fourteen Copper-Plates. By FRANCIS COLLINGWOOD, AND JOHN WOOLLAMS. Principal Cooks at the Crown and Anchor Tavern in the Strand, Late from the London Tavern. LONDON: PRINTED BY R. NOBLE, FOR J. SCATCHERD AND J. WHITAKER, NO. 12, AVE-MARIA-LANE. 1792.
FIRST EDITION. 8vo. 2feps with 2 previous owners signatures. Half title. [2] Frontispiece of both authors. Title page. [1] 2p. Preface. 20p Contents. 12 engraved plates of bills of fare for every month, with each verso blank. (curiously they have been bound in out of monthly order. All are present). (1)2-432. 433-444 A Catalogue of seasonal articles. 445-451 Marketing Tables. 2feps. Original full dark calf covered boards with blind tooled lines on the boards. The spine with blind tooled lines. With a dark red label and gilt lettering. Overall has a nice patina. Besides very light age browning to frontispiece and plates , the text block is very clean. Overall, a nice copy.
- F. Collingwood and J. Woollams were the Principal cooks at the Crown and Anchor Tavern on the south side of the Strand, London WC1. Strype the historian informs us, that in 1729 an original tavern called the Crown occupied the same site. The Anchor was added to the name shortly after that date, in honour of St Clements Church nearby; an anchor being the emblem of the patron saint who suffered his martyrdom by being cast into the sea with an anchor tied to his neck. The site began a few doors down Arundel St. and extended to Milford Lane. It had an entrance from the Strand thro’ a narrow courtyard. The tavern was very famous and very well frequented by the rich, famous and important members of English high society. Dr Johnson made it his second home. Taking his daily walks with his friend Boswell past Temple Bar, going westward, the Crown and Anchor was their port of call and also of many of their confreres. It was here that Dr Jonson’s famous spat with Percy took place. The Academy of Music was first started at the Tavern. The house was pulled down in 1790 and rebuilt. A very large banqueting room was erected, measuring 85x36 feet, and when packed could hold 2500 guests. It was first opened on the occasion of a birthday dinner given to Charles James Fox, M.P. and presided over by the Duke of Norfolk. The room was used for fine balls and political meetings of both the Tories and radical Parties; anyone in fact who could pay the high prices. The Tavern became the headquarters of one party or another during the Westminster parliamentary elections. It is recorded that Daniel O’Conner M.P., Brougham Cobbet, Sir Francis Burdett and others, held meetings that always crowded the room. After the 1790 rebuild, the first landlord was a famous, very large obese man; Thomas Simkin. He famously died by leaning on the upstairs banister, and calling down some instructions, the banister gave way under his huge weight and he toppled to his death below. The Tavern had elegant booths opened for their customers at the courses during the racing season and the main fairs. As well as refreshments they also held dances. Sadly, in 1854 the Tavern burned down. Afterwards the Duke of Norfolk built Arundel House on the site and further afield. This great Tavern is the establishment where Collingwood and Woollams established their substantial reputation. They had the unique distinction of having this first edition of 1792; ‘The Universal Cook’, being translated into French and sold in France. Published in Paris in 1810 it was re-named ‘ Le Cuisinier Anglais Universal ou le Nec Plus Ultra de la Gourmandise’. This was the time of the war with Napoleon, but the reputation of London food and its Cooks stood high with foreigners. This book is a record of professional 18th century English gastronomy, as opposed to the cookery books written for the housewife. As can be read on the title page, it has extensive instructions for all the tasks undertaken in such an important Tavern and its Kitchen. The equally rare second edition was published in 1797 with very little change; see item ref #: 11131. See also, item ref #: 11035 for a rare dinner invitation to the Crown and Anchor Tavern when Collingwood and Woolllams were the head cooks.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11227

Collingwood. F.   and Woolams. J.     - Purchased in India during the British Raj
THE UNIVERSAL COOK,
AND City and Country Housekeeper. CONTAINING ALL THE VARIOUS BRANCHES OF COOKERY: THE DIFFERENT METHODS OF DRESSING Butchers Meat, Poultry, Game, and Fish; AND OF PREPARING GRAVIES, CULLICES, SOUPS, AND BROTHS; TO DRESS ROOTS AND VEGETABLES, AND TO PREPARE Little elegant Dishes for Supper or light repasts: TO MAKE ALL SORTS OF PIES. PUDDINGS, PANCAKES, AND FRITTERS; CAKES, PUFFS, AND BISCUITS; CHEESECAKES, TARTS, AND CUSTARDS; CREAMS AND JAMS; BLANC MANGE, FLUMMERY, ELEGANT ORNAMENTS, JELLIES, AND SYLLABUBS. THE VARIOUS ARTICLES IN CANDYING, DRYING, PRESERVING, AND PICKLING. THE PREPARATION OF HAMS, TONGUES, BACON, &C. DIRECTIONS FOR TRUSSING POULTRY, CARVING, AND MARKETING. THE MAKING AND MANAGEMENT OF Made Wines, Cordial Waters, and Malt Liquors. TOGETHER WITH Directions for Baking Breads, the Management of Poultry and the Dairy, and the Kitchens and Fruit Garden; with a Catalogue of the Various articles in Season in the different Months of the Year. BESIDES A VARIETY OF USEFUL AND INTERESTING TABLES. THE WHOLE EMBELLISHED WITH THE HEADS OF THE AUTHORS, BILLS FOR EVERY MONTH OF THE YEAR, AND PROPER SUBJECTS FOR THE IMPROVEMENTS OF THE ART OF CARVING, ELEGANTLY ENGRAVED ON FOURTEEN COPPER-PLATES. By FRANCIS COLLINGWOOD, and JOHN WOOLLAMS. Principal Cooks at the Crown and Anchor Tavern in the Strand ---- Late from the London Tavern. THIRD EDITION. LONDON: PRINTED BY C. WHITTINGHAM, Dean Street, Fetter Lane, FOR J. STACHARD, No. 12, AVE-MARIE-LANE; H.D. SYMONDS AND HURST, PATERNOSTER-ROW; RICHARDSONS, ROYAL EXCHANGE; MARSH AND DUNSFORD, FLEET-STREET; GARNER, WESLEY, AND STARND, STRAND; LAKING, CURZON-STREET; DANGERFIELD, BERKLEY-SQUARE; MILLAR, AND JORDAN HOOKHAM BOND-STREET; KIRBY, OXFORD-STREET; LINDSELL, WIMPOLE-STREET; LLOTD, CAVENDISH-STREET;--1801.
8vo. 2feps. Half title. [2] Frontispiece of both authors. Title page. [1] 4p. Preface. 20p Contents. 12 engraved plates of bills of fare for every month. (1)2-432. 433-444 A Catalogue. 445-451 Marketing Tables. [1] Advertising. 2feps. Half dark brown modern calf with marbled boards and calf corners. The pages very lightly age browned with some manuscript notes. There an interesting manuscript note on the first page of recipes; "Bought this book from Col. David Smothen [?] and gave him 8 rupees for Mrs Smothen".(Probably a frugal mem-sahib selling the book before leaving for England). The whole text block has been trimmed slightly without loss of text. The third appears to be a very scarce edition, as none are cited in the bibliographies. A nice copy.
- F. Collingwood and J. Woollams had the unique distinction of having their first edition of ‘The Universal Cook’ of 1792, being translated into French and sold in France. Published in Paris in 1810 it was re-named ‘ Le Cuisinier Anglais Universal ou le Nec Plus Ultra de la Gourmandise’. This was the time of the war with Napoleon, but the reputation of London food and its Cooks stood high with foreigners. The first smart restaurant to open in Paris the same year as ‘The Universal Cook’ was published, was called La Grande Taverne de Londres, after the London Tavern, where John Farley its famous Chef was serving his tenure. Collingwood and Woollams had also had a spell at the London Tavern, so one assumes they were as well known as Farley. In spite of the fame and glory of Collingwood and Woollams’ book being translated into French, the French publisher had qualms. In his introduction, he wrote: “The English must eat well, look at their 'embonpoint!' If occasional recipes seem odd, they will at least, 'cher lecteur,' broaden your experience, acquainting you with ‘le catchup’ and ‘le browning’ which are unknown even to our best chefs.” In this age, with our British chefs feeling a need to bow in humble acknowledgement of the superior French culinary tradition and possible superior expertise (although this has definitely been changing in recent years) one is surprised by the above words of the French publisher. Collingwood and Woollams in turn, inform us grandly in their Preface: ‘We shall not attempt to ransack the annals of Antiquity, with a view to discover what was the food of our first parents in the garden of Eden, or in the manner they performed their culinary operation: It is sufficient for us to know a[t] present, that Cookery is become a Science, that every age has contributed its mite to the improvement of this art, which seems now to have reached a very high degree of perfection.’ Interesting! – I’m sure, Joel Robuchon, Gorden Ramsey, Paul Bocuse, Ferran Adria, Heston Blumenthal, Rick Stien, Alain Ducasse et al, are saying the same thing now, and that the great cooks of two or three generations hence, will express the same sentiments; How things change, but ultimately stay the same!.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 10972

COOKE.   Mordecai Cubitt    
A PLAIN AND EASY ACCOUNT OF BRITISH FUNGI.
by M.C. COOKE. (a single small line). A coloured illustration of a bright orange 'Pexina Ourantia' mushroom). (a single small line). LONDON. ROBERT HRARDWICKE, 192, PICADILLY.
Second Edition. 12mo. 158 x 114 mm. Inside cover and 1fep in dark brown paper. Frontis of coloured illustration of two mushrooms on verso of fep. Ornate Title Page. [1] Second Title page dated 1871. [1] (1)iv Preface. 1p Contents. 1 p Adverts. 2p List of Coloured plates. (1)2-124. (1)126-162 The Tubular Arrangement of British fungi. (1)164-166 Index. Inside cover and fep in dark brown paper. Fully bound in pebble-grain green cloth. With an attractive blind-tooled cover and gilt illustration and gilt titles to the spine. All 24 hand-coloured lithographic plates present. Ver clean inside. Overall a very well-preserved copy.
- The author, (image # 1. below) Mordecai Cubitt Cooke; 1825 - 1914, was an English botanist and mycologist. Cooke came from a mercantile family and was born in Horning, Norfolk, and worked as an apprentice to a fabric merchant before becoming a clerk in a law firm, but his chief interest was in botany. He founded the Society of Amateur Botanists in 1862. He taught natural history at Holy Trinity National School, Lambeth, London and worked as a curator at the India Museum at India Office from 1860 to 1879. In 1879 when the botanical collections from the India Museum were transferred to the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Cooke went with them. He received the Victoria Medal of Honour from the Royal Horticultural Society in 1902 and the Linnean Medal from the Linnean Society of London in 1903. He was awarded several honorary diplomas for his work, primarily with fungi, also a Master of Arts from St. Lawrence University in 1870, a Master of Arts from Yale University in 1873 and a doctorate from the New York University. His books are very well researched and presented and a pleasure to read.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11298

Copley.   Esther    
Cottage Comforts
WITH HINTS FOR PROMOTING THEM, GLEANED FROM EXPERIENCE: ENLIVENED WITH AUTHENTIC ANECDOTES. BY ESTHER COPLEY. NINTH EDITION. DEDICATED (BY PERMISSION) TO Her Most Gracious Majesty QUEEN ADELAIDE. LONDON: PUBLISHED BY SIMPKIN AND MARSHALL, STATIONER'S COURT. 1832.
12mo. 2feps. Title Page. [1] 2pp Dedication. 2pp Advertisement. 2pp Contents. 1-224. 8pp Index. [1] 2feps. Bound in half black calf with black cloth boards and calf corners. Spine with gilt lines, raised bands and gilt lettering. Good copy with very slight foxing to title page, first nine pages and the pages of the index.
- Esther Hewlitt Copley (nee Buizeville) was born in London on May 10th, 1786. Her father was a silk manufacturer at Spitalfields and the family lived in Hackney. Nothing is known of Esther's early life experiences until her marriage to James Philip Hewlett in 1809. The couple had five children, three sons and two daughters. They set up house in Oxford in St. Aldate's Street. James Philip Hewlett died prematurely of a lingering illness. On August 16, 1827 Esther married Rev. William Copley who was the minister of the Oxford Baptist Church. Esther was a prolific writer publishing more than forty books in her lifetime. These include tracts, works of domestic economy, stories for children, text books, sacred history and biography. It is of interest to note that Cottage Comforts, first published in 1825, reached its twenty-fourth edition in 1864. It is a household management manual addressed to the labouring classes embracing the spirit of both Mrs. Beeton and Dr. Spock. It includes chapters on childbirth, treatment of illnesses, hygiene, animal husbandry, the care and education of children, renting and furnishing a cottage, brewing and cookery. She is forthright with her opinions and practical advice. In her latter days Esther lived in Eythorne with her daughter Emma and Emma's husband, George Sargent. Her death on July 17th, 1851, was caused by tuberculosis, and it seems that her illness was exacerbated by a chill contracted when she was providing help for a needy family. Esther is buried in the Eythorne Baptist churchyard in Kent.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 10930

COPLEY.   ESTHER     This title printed anonymously.
The Female Instructor
OR, Young Woman's Companion: BEING A GUIDE TO ALL THE ACCOMPLISHMENTS WHICH ADORN THE FEMALE CHARACTER, EITHER AS A USEFUL MEMBER OF SOCIETY-A PLEASING AND INSTRUCTIVE COMPANION, OR, A RESPECTABLE MOTHER OF A FAMILY. WITH MANY Pleasing Examples of Illustrious Females. TO WHICH ARE ADDED, USEFUL MEDICINAL RECEIPTS, AND A CONCISE SYSTEM OF COOKERY, WITH OTHER VALUABLE INFORMATION IN THE DIFFERENT BRANCHES OF DOMESTIC ECONOMY. " Favour is deceitful, and Beauty is vain; but a Woman that feareth the Lord, she shall be praised." SOLOMON. LIVERPOOL: PRINTED BY HENRY FISHER, CAXTON, (Printer in ordinary to his Majesty) And published there, and at his Warehouse, 87, Bartholomew Close, London.
Large octavo. Frontispiece of 'Female Accomplishments' Extra Title page with engraved picture. Title Page. pp.i-iv 4pp 'Index' (10-560) Bound in modern brown quarter calf with marble boards and calf corners. Spine with raised bands, gilt lines and a red morocco label with gilt lettering. All six plates present. The Frontis and extra Title page are slightly browned and stained. The rest very slightly age browned.
- This copy is a reprint of the 1815 edition. The frontispiece, representing two young women sewing and reading is dated 1816.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 10950

Copley.   Esther     - A very rare book.
Cottage Cookery
THE COMPLETE COTTAGE COOKERY, BY ESTHER COPLEY, AUTHOR OF "COTTAGE COMFORTS," "CATECHISM OF DOMESTIC ECONOMY," ETC, ETC. WITH PREFATORY CHAPTER BY HER DAUGHTER, AND BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE AUTHOR, Eleventh Edition. LONDON: GROOMBRIDGE AND SONS, PATERNOSTER ROW. MDCCCLIX.
1859. 12mo. Marbled paste-downs and end-papers, both ends. 1fep. [1] Frontis piece, engraved portrait of Esther Copley. Title page. [1] v-x Biographical Sketch. xi-xx Prefatory Chapter. 2p Contents. 3-127. [1] 4pp Advertisements. 1fep. Modern quarter black calf with black cloth boards and black calf corners. Lightly age browned throughout. A small water stain to the top corner of the last 8 pages. Overall a very nice copy.
- Although the first edition was printed in 1849 in book form (it originally appeared in the Family Economist) an advertisement for a tenth edition (cost 1 penny) appeared in the first of Beeton's 'Household Management' 24 monthly booklets on November 1st, 1859 (Mrs Beeton's famous book was printed in 24 monthly parts before being published in total as the first edition of 1861). A seventh edition also was advertised in an 1854 book; then this, the eleventh edition of 1859 would make one think there must be many copies, but the opposite is true; 'Cottage Cookery' is unmentioned in Bitting, Oxford, Axford, Driver, Attar, Cagle and the STC of Pollard & Redgrave. COPAC lists five copies: The BL, one copy - circa 1855. London University, one copy undated. Leeds University, three copies - 1858, 1859 & 1862. Only five recorded copies; one must attribute rarity. This can be accounted for when we see that Beeton's monthly booklets with their thin and delicate paper covers, easily damaged, lost or torn was sold for only three pence, then Copley's small booklet, sold for one pence must have been even less protected. Luckily this copy has lasted well.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11016

Copley.   Esther    
THE COOK'S COMPLETE GUIDE,
ON THE PRINCIPLES OF Frugality, Comfort, and Elegance INCLUDING THE ART OF CARVING, AND THE MOST APPROVED METHOD OF SETTING OUT A TABLE EXPLAINED BY NUMEROUS COPPER-PLATE ENGRAVINGS, INSTRUCTIONS FOR PRESERVING HEALTH, AND ATTAINING OLD AGE; WITH DIRECTIONS FOR BREEDING AND FATTENING ALL SORTS OF POULTRY, AND FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF BEES, RABBITS, PIGS &c. &c. RULES FOR CULTIVATING A GARDEN, AND NUMEROUS USEFUL MISCELLANEOUS RECEIPTS. a line. BY A LADY, AUTHORESS OF "COTTAGE COMFORTS" a line. London: GEORGE VIRTUE, 26, IVY LANE, PATERNOSTER ROW.
FIRST EDITION. n/d Circa 1827. Thick 8vo. 222 x 148 x 50mm. 2 feps. 1p with ink Inscription from an aunt dated 1843. Frontispiece of a lady displaying meat, fish and vegetables. An first elaborate Title Page (The New London Cookery by a Lady). [1] Title Page. [1] 2p Contents. (1)-iv Preface. (3)4 - 812. 813 Addenda. (1)815 - 838 Index. 1fep. 5 Engraved plates in Text. Title page slightly age browned. Both title pages with small smudge not affecting text. Text Block very clean. Nicely bound with 1/4 light tan calf. Spine with raised bands and gilt lines. Dark brown label with gilt lettering. Boards with marbled paper and tan calf corners. Overall well preserved.
- This is a very comprehensive thick book with a huge 38 page Index. It is one of the many thick books of the time, all produced with similar layouts and abundant details. When they are all seen together, one is struck by how Beeton's Household Management of 1861, although some-what similar to the others, broke the mould with colour plates and better designed formatting. Hence its huge popularity. This book's title page proclaims the un-named Authoress (Esther Copley) to be the same as for the relatively small 'Cottage Comforts' (see item 10930 above). She also wrote one other small book titled 'Cottage Cookery' (see item 11016 below). Published and printed by Gorge Virtue this was a contracted work "by a Lady" that was subtly attributed to Copley to increase sales. We can be sure of this because the two "Cottage" books previously mentioned are clearly declared on the title pages as written by her. I'm sure she would wish the attribution of this book to her was also stated just as clearly.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11258