Escoffier .   Georges Auguste     very rare.
La Morue.
A. ESCOFFIER LA VIE A BON MARCHE La morue 82 recettes -- pour -- l'accommoder ERNEST FLAMMARION, EDITEUR 26, RUE RACINE, PARIS. [2] A. ESCOFFIER Le riz L'ALIMENT LE MEILLEUR, LE PLUS NUTRIF 130 recettes -- pour -- l'accommoder ERNEST FLAMMARION, EDITEUR 26, RUE RACINE, PARIS.
FIRST EDITION. 1929. In original Yellow cover with red writing. The front cover with the same exact text as the title page. 1fep. [1] V1-V11 [1] [1] 10-67. p2. Advertisements. Nice clean condition, very slightly age browned throughout. 3 pages plus the inside cover with advertisements. The back cover advertising 4 of Escoffier's books with prices.
- Escoffier was a prolific writer publishing many Culinary gems over a long distinguished career as the most famous Chef in the world. La Morue is among the last of his ten major works, which he published at the grand ages of 80. It is also a very rare item, due in part to its delicate assembly causing it's lack of appearance in major collections or auctions.

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Modern category
ref number: 11255

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - 2 Escoffier menus, one hand-written by him.
Framed menus; Carlton Hotel, London.
A draft menu hand-written by Escoffier, undated, and another Escoffier menu, but written by another hand in cursive script, dated 1908. Both menus are from Escoffier's tenure at the Carlton Hotel, London.
Enclosed in a glass fronted gold framed picture 322mm x 378mm. The menu in the cursive script is on display. Escoffier's hand written menu is taped under plastic on the back of the picture. All in fine condition. Very rare.
- The very rare draft menu written by Escoffier in his typically messy scrawl would have then been sent to a comptroller who writes on the menu, the date and the name of the recipient of the special Dinner, as seen on this one in blue crayon. It is then sent to someone (probably in the Food & Beverage department) to be written properly and sent to the client. In this case, written in ink in a beautiful hand. Another would be written and then posted in the kitchen on the banquet notice board one week before the dinner. It appears that the letter may be written for the client, a Mrs Williams. But I think this one has come from the Kitchen itself, possibly Escoffier’s office. There were three lots in the auction from where these two items came. All lots were similar with written menus in Escoffier’s hand and menus written on Carlton Hotel headed paper in the same beautiful hand as this one. Also some Carte du Jour menus were in the lots. (See also item # 10980. The written menu by Escoffier, and a Carte du Jour menu as well, all from Escoffier’s time at the Carlton). These two items here are very rare Ephemera and give an interesting glimpse of the way the process works from Escoffier’s office to the client to the Kitchen to the eventual meal served and placed in front of the guests.

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Information

Modern category
ref number: 11219

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - Extremely Rare.
An original b/w photograph of Auguste Escoffier.
SITTING WITH HIS FULL KITCHEN BRIGADE. 1905.
320 mm long x 153 mm high. Under the photograph is a small cut out of the original mount, stating; The Carlton Hotel. 1905. The photograph is mounted on a black cardboard border and covered by glass and bordered with a black and silver frame. One of his most famous pupils; Charles Scotto, sits in the photograph fourth from the left on the second row. Pasted on the back is the original photographer’s name in gilt, cut from the mount before it was framed. It was by Fradelle & Young, 283 Regents St. London W.1. They specialised in hotel and restaurant group photography of dinners, receptions & full kitchen brigades. ITEM 2. See image # 5. below. For reference; I requested a scan done by the framers of the original large photograph used. It shows in full a large ugly part of the Carlton Hotel roof, which was cut out before framing.
- This rare original photograph of Auguste Escoffier and his kitchen brigade, was taken on the roof of the Carlton Hotel 1905. A casual glance at this old image belies the contemporary history that Escoffier brought about by very hard work, his great extensive writings, his organisational skills, and a huge passion to improve the lot of his beloved chefs. It is one of the reasons why he is held in such high esteem, and a feeling of deep gratitude lies in the hearts of most well trained modern chefs, because his updated re-organisation of the large Kitchen brigade is still the way modern kitchens are organised. The following list is of the different members and departments of his large kitchen brigade system. Only the largest of hotels like the Carlton Hotel had this fully staffed brigade (54 people in this photograph) with all the following departments fully functioning. Escoffier devised this system, primarily during his time at the Savoy Hotel London, before going to the Carlton from 1899 to 1919. This very efficient organisation allowed sincere chefs to learn all the important skills of every department in the largest kitchen brigades. Staring at the top was the MAITRE-CHEF de CUISINE (literally translated; "Master Chef") Responsible for overall management of kitchen; supervises staff, creates menus and new recipes with the assistance of the restaurant manager, makes purchases of raw food items, trains apprentices, and maintains a sanitary and hygienic environment for the preparation of food. SOUS-CHEF de CUISINE (deputy head chef; literally "sub-chief") Receives orders directly from the chef de cuisine for the management of the kitchen, and often serves as the representative when the chef de cuisine is not present. Does not usually work on the stove anymore. In a big brigade there can be as many as 4-6 sous-chefs. CHEF de PARTIE (senior chef of a department) Responsible for managing a department in the kitchen, specializing in preparing particular dishes there. CHEF TOURNANT (Can be a Chef de partie in any department) The most experienced, having trained as a Chef de partie in every department. Will cover for any Chef de partie on their days off or holidays. Usually fills any vacancy for the Sous-chef’s position. CHEF SAUCIER (Chef de partie of the sauce dept.) Prepares all meat sauces and stocks and completes meat dishes. This is one of the most respected positions in the kitchen brigade. CHEF ROTTISEUR (Chef de partie of the roast department.) Manages a team of cooks that roasts, broils, and deep fries dishes. CHEF POISSONNIER (Chef de partie of the fish department.) Prepares all fish and seafood dishes and fish sauces and stocks. Usually has a fishmonger in the department. CHEF ENTREMETIER (Chef de partie of vegetable and farinaceous department.) Prepares all vegetables, soups and egg dishes. CHEF GARDE-MANAGER (Chef de partie of the cold larder.) Responsible for preparation of cold hors d'oeuvres, pâtés, terrines and aspics; prepares salads; organizes large buffet displays; and prepares charcuterie items. Usually the largest staffed department in the kitchen. CHEF PATTISIER (Chef de partie of pastry department.) Prepares desserts and other meal-end sweets, ices, cakes, petit-fours, pulled sugar works, also has a ‘boulanger’, preparing breads and other baked items; may also prepare pasta for the restaurant. BOUCHER (the butcher) Butchers meats, poultry, prepare meats for the Garde manger’s pates and terrines. Clean all game ready for roasting. May also be in charge of breading meats. CUISINIER (cook) May also be referred to as a cuisinier de partie. Also known as a ‘demi-chef de partie’ who takes over from the Chef de partie on his days off. COMMIS (junior cook) Works in a specific partie, but reports directly to the chef de partie. Can also be 2nd or 3rd commis depending on age and experience. The Chef de cuisine changes their departments annually to give them all round experience of all ‘parties’. APPRENTIE (apprentice.) Often students gaining theoretical and practical training, in school and work experience in the kitchen. They perform preparatory work under a Chef de Partie. PLONGEUR or MARMITON (dishwasher or kitchen porter.) cleans dishes and utensils, and may be entrusted with basic preparatory jobs. ABOYEUR (announcer/expediter) During the meal service times takes the orders from the dining room waiters and distributes them to the various departments; the role usually performed by the Sous-chef. CHEF COMMUNARD Prepares the meal served to the restaurant staff. GARCON de CUISINE (literally ‘kitchen boy’) In larger establishments, performs preparatory and auxiliary work for support. This photograph gives an insight into how many chefs are employed in the large well known luxury hotels. The range of skills that have to be mastered is huge. A commis chef's apprenticeship usually lasted up to 7 years. Even after that, a lot of chefs move to other well known establishments to gain more experience. Indeed a great chef's career path is always dictated by quality and reputation. Because the initial years as an apprentice is so tough and very focused on improving skills, they never lose the desire to learn. As a foot note and interestingly, in all photographs I have viewed of Escoffier sitting with his full kitchen brigades, (and they were done annually) He always sat sideways to the direct camera angle. Curious.!

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Ephemera category
ref number: 11230

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - With 2 very scare recipe booklets.
6 ITEMS OF ESCOFFIER RELATED EPHEMERA.
ITEM1. Wholesale Department:- RIDGEMONT STREET. (Off Shore Street) TOTTENHAM COURT ROAD, LONDON, WC. Inside it tells us: ESCOFFIER PREPARATIONS. Manufactured under the Supervision of MONS. ESCOFFIER. of the Carlton Hotel. London. With lists of all Escoffier items and prices. ITEM 2. A canned autobiography of Escoffier from the Foundation Auguste Escoffier. UN DES GRANDS MAITRES DE LA CUISINE FRANCAISE. 1846 - 1935. ITEM 3. A booklet of Escoffier recipes for a GUIDE de la CUISINIERE. Contenant de NOMBREUSES RECETTES NOUVELLES. Edite par le ~Bouillon "KUB". ITEM 4. A booklet of of Escoffier recipes for a A Chaque mois de l'Annee... ses viandes, poissins, volailles•gibiers, legumes. `Conseils et Recettes. La bonne cuisine par tous. ITEM 5. An original b/w photograph of the Carlton Hotel, Pall Mall, London. ITEM 6. A b/w photograph of Escoffier with top-hat viewing exhibits at a Salon Culinaire in London.
ITEM 1. A four-page promotional pamphlet: 237 x 143mm. Ornate front cover with a red jar of Escoffier Pickles. All items priced. Good condition. ITEM 2. 240 x 160mm. (1) With illustration of an older Escoffier. 4-9 The main dated milestones of key times in Escoffier's life. 10-49 with many unseen photographs of Escoffier and his kitchen brigades. Packed with many unknown facts from the Master's life. The covers and internally in fine condition. ITEM 3. 180 x 135mm. p1 Advertisement. Frontis on the Verso of a table laden with foods. A letter written by Escoffier dated Paris, Octobre 1922. p6. Termes Culinaires. 7-71. [1] Age dusted carboard covers and the front cover with text in red and ornate border. Internally clean. ITEM 4. 180 x 138mm. A rectangular booklet. Inside cover advertising 'Kub' Buillon. A title page of a letter date July 1st 1925. [1] p3. Du choix des plats de season. 1926. 4-31. Inside cover advertising 'Kub' et Poule au Pot'. `Dark blue cardboard covers with a little boy chef on the front. Fine condition. ITEM 5. A b/w photograph of Escoffier of the Carlton Hotel when Escoffier was the Chef de Cuisine. ITEM 6. A fine b/w photographs of Escoffier at a Salon Culinaire pasted to the insider page of the marbled cardboard folder housing all the items.
- Escoffier, (1846-1935) was not only a great and famous chef, but a little known fact was that he was also a relentless innovator, as can be seen by the large range of sauces, soups, pickles, consomme, vinegars etc (even the famous Sauce Melba) featured in the 4 page pamphlet of Escoffier Sauces. This came about because of his laudable belief that making life and kitchen tasks easier for the professional and the home cooks was an inevitable need and necessity, which he understood and very clearly stated in his great cookery classic 'Le Guide Culinaire'. Reading the preface of this great book we can see the practical, as well as his heartfelt understanding of people's constant desire for change was an ongoing negative human condition thro' the ages. Escoffier tried to explain that the secret to alleviating this restless innovation, will come about by cooking the timeless classics as well as possible, instead of the constant search for novelty. Probably the most lasting but least known food item that he developed and started producing on a large commercial scale, was tinned tomatoes. The other two rare booklets also pre-date a very modern trend of promoting processed food items aimed at the home cook. The autobiographical booklet is fascinating as a condensed look at Escoffier's life put together by the Escoffier foundation at 3, rue Auguste Escoffier. 06270 Villeneuve-Loubet Village and it's Chairman, Michel Escoffier, the great man's grandson. An unusual collection.

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Information

Ephemera category
ref number: 11317

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - Two of Escoffier's menus
From the Carlton Hotel. Pall Mall. London.
Menu 1 -- from the Carlton Grill Room dated May 11th 1909. Menu 2 -- a daily 'Carte du Jour' dated May 10th 1909.
Both menus as new. The ala carte menu has a 1" tear in the fold with no damage to text. Housed in a cardboard, marbled folder with a label on the front cover. Also comes with a black and white photograph of the Carlton Hotel - circa 1910.
- Escoffier was Maitre Chef de Cuisine at the Carlton Hotel from 1899- 1919. These are two of his menus. As such, and in this fine condition, very rare.

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Ephemera category
ref number: 10992

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - Escoffier's first book; 'Wax Flowers'
Les Fleurs en Cire
A. ESCOFFIER LES FLEURS EN CIRE (An elaborate printers floral device) BIBLIOTHEQUE DE L'ART CULINAIRE 4 Place Saint-Michel, - PARIS MDCCCCX Nouvelle Edition
Fourth Edition, Paris, 1910. 188x141mm. 1fep. Half-Title. On verso Headpiece & printer's details for all editions. [1] Frontispiece. Title page on thick photographer's card and tissue guard. [1] (1)10-92. 3p Index. [1] 1fep. Original publisher's printed cover, in good condition. Internally very clean. Illustrations: Halftone frontispiece portrait of Escoffier and halftone illustrations titled "Fleurs de Magnolia en Cire" and 40 photo engraved illustrations in the text. A very nice untrimmed copy with many uncut pages. With the bookplate of the very famous Swedish chef and author, Tore Wretman. A very scarce and sought after book.
- It was originally published under the title 'Traite sur l'Art de Travailler les Fleurs en Cire' Paris, 1884. During this period Escoffier married Delphine Daffis, the daughter of a publisher. Writing poetry herself, she contributed to this, his first publication. Escoffier was a major writer of culinary classics and is still consulted as an authority. Besides the 1884 edition of - Le Traite sur L'art de Travailler les Fleurs en Cire, his other best known writings are --- 1903 - Le Guide Culinaire; 1907 - A Guide to Modern Cookery, 1st english edition; 1910 - Les Fleurs en Cire, a new edition; 1911 - Le Carnet d'Epicure; 1912 - Le Livre des Menus; 1919 - L'Aide-Memoire Culiniare; 1927 - Le Riz; 1929 - La Morue; 1934 - Ma Cuisine.

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Modern category
ref number: 10976

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - Both books well preserved with Escoffier's signature in La Morue.
La Morue & Le Riz
[1] A. ESCOFFIER LA VIE A BON MARCHE La morue 82 recettes -- pour -- l'accommoder ERNEST FLAMMARION, EDITEUR 26, RUE RACINE, PARIS. [2] A. ESCOFFIER Le riz L'ALIMENT LE MEILLEUR, LE PLUS NUTRIF 130 recettes -- pour -- l'accommoder ERNEST FLAMMARION, EDITEUR 26, RUE RACINE, PARIS.
BOOK 1. FIRST EDITION. 1929. In original Yellow cover with red writing. The front cover with the same exact text as the title page. The inside cover with the bookplate of Crosby Gaige, the former president of the New York Wine & Food Society. 1 fep. Half-title. Title page with the handwritten signature in ink; A. Escoffier. Paris September 1932. pp [1] V1-V11 [1] [1] 10-67. p2. Advertisements. Nice clean condition, slightly age browned throughout. The text block has two old staples holding it tight. -- BOOK 2.FIRST EDITION. 1927. In original Yellow cover with red writing. The front cover with the same exact text as the title page. Half-title. Title page. [1] 8-79. Covers and paper lightly browned throughout, but still a very nice copy in its original state. Both books housed in a clamshell box bound in half dark brown leather with marble boards. The spine with raised bands, gilt lines and gilt tooling. Also with a red and green label and gilt lettering. The interior laid with fawn felt.
- Escoffier started cooking in his uncle's restaurant at the tender age of thirteen. He was born in the village of Villeneuve-Loubet, near Nice on the 28th October, 1846 and died at Monte Carlo on 12th February, 1935. He was a prolific writer publishing many Culinary gems over a long distinguished career as the most famous Chef in the world. La Riz and La Morue were among the last of his ten major works, which he published at the respective grand ages of 80 and 82. (While Le Riz is scarce, Le Morue is very rare) His last book 'Ma Cuisine' was published in 1934 at the age of 87 -- by any standard; a remarkable life. A beautiful leather bound box to house two fine original Escoffier books, especially the very rare 'La Morue', rarer still with Escoffier's signature.

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Modern category
ref number: 10979

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - The last edition edited by Escoffier.
Le Guide Culinaire.
A. ESCOFFIER avec la collaboration de MM. Phileas GILBERT et Emile FETU Le guide culinaire Aide-memoire de cuisine pratique (printers device) PRIS ERNEST FLAMMARION, EDITEUR 26, rue Racine, 26 Tous droits de traduction, de reproduction et d'adaptation reserves pour tous les pays. With an ink inscription to "Bobby Hendry with Love. Diego. Kathmandu 1997.
4th Edition 1921. 240x168mm. 1fep. The original cardboard cover bound in. [1] Half title. [1] Title page. Verso, Printers copyright 1921. (1)vi Avant Propos 1902. (1)viii-x Introduction, deuxieme edition 1907. (1)xii Introduction, troisieme edition 1912. (1)Introduction, quatrieme edition 1921. [1] 1-900. 1p Table Alphabetique. [1] (1)904-937 Table Alphabetique. [1] 1p Table des Chapitres. [1] (1)942 Table des Chapitres. 2feps. Internally age browned through out and slightly brittle. The last page of Table des Chapitres with a 1" tear repaired with a loss of a few letters. Modern dark brown half calf with marbled boards. Raised bands on spine with gilt lettering. Overall a nice copy.
- The first edition was printed in 1903 in French. An abbreviated version was translated into English in 1907. The second French edition was printed 1907. The third edition in French was 1912. This 4th edition was revised in 1921; this version was not translated into English until 1979. Escoffier was involved in the changes to all the four editions up to 1921. A great book, one of the masterpieces and cornerstones of French gastronomy.

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Modern category
ref number: 11081

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - An association copy; signed by Elizabeth David
Ma Cuisine
A. ESCOFFIER MA CUISINE 2,500 RECETTES FLAMMARION EDITEUR 26, RUE RACINE, PARIS
FIRST FRENCH EDITION. 1934. Original D/W with small chips at the top and bottom of the spine and folds at cover edges. Otherwise very bright. Fresh green cloth boards and spine with yellow writing. Slightly rubbed on the edges. The front paste-down has a signed dedication by E.D.: "For Colin with my love Liz May 23rd 1960" 1fep. Half-title. 1pp Du meme Auteur. Title page. [1] 5-8 Introduction. 9-673. 3pp Menus Types. 677-703 Table des Metieres. [1] 1fep. Unusually bright copy as the paper is usually quite browned.
- First French editions of Ma Cusine are quite scarce, but this one is rare, coming from E.D's library and with her signature. A real collectors item.

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Modern category
ref number: 11007

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - ‘Officier de la Legion d’honneur’.
Menu of a banquet for Escoffier at the Palais d'Orsay.
In homage to Maitre Auguste Escoffier by the society of the 'Cuisiniers de Paris'. for the occasion of his promotion to ‘Officier de la Legion d’honneur’ on March 22nd, 1928 at the Orsay Palace.
A four page menu within covers, with a print of a painted portrait of Escoffier (courtesy of the Foundation A. Escoffier at Villeneuve-Loubet), plus the wine list and menu. Very clean on white handmade paper with a red place ribbon and untrimmed edges, with the outside covers lightly age browned at the edges. A very handsome and unique item. The menu comprises: Creme de Volaille. Consomme Riche. Saumon de la Loire braise au Clicquot. accompagne: d'ecrevisses de l'Issole. Baron de Bebague. garni aux: primeurs de la Provence. Coq en Pate Palais d'Orsay. avec: une Salade Rosettte. Glace Legion d'Honneur. Roseaux pralines des bords du Loup. Corbeilles de Fruits. Friandises. The Wine list comprises: Five vintage Champagnes from 1919 and 1920. A Medoc et Graves. A Bitard Montrachet. A La Tache Monople 1918. The menu is housed in a handsome cardboard folder covered with red marbled paper and a label on the front cover.
- From 1890 to 1920, Escoffier took over the management of the kitchens in many luxurious & prestigious hotels like The Savoy Hotel and The Carlton Hotel in London and Ritz Hotel in Paris. For almost thirty years, he served many of the most famous people of the time, creating for them unique dishes that became renowned, even to this day. After he left London in 1920, Escoffier returned to Monte Carlo and undertook a very active retirement. He never ceased writing culinary books until his death in 1935. Due to the gratitude and unforgettable memory of Escoffier, people, including his best friends and colleagues in London and Paris, created the Auguste Escoffier Foundation. This eponymous museum was established in 1959 in the house where he was born. Mon. Raymond Poincaré was a French conservative statesman who served as Prime Minister of France on five separate occasions and as President of France from 1913 to 1920. For Escoffier's work in promoting French cuisine, President Poincaré personally presented him with the cross of ‘The Légion d'honneur’ or ‘The Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur‘. This is a French order established by Napoleon Bonaparte, First Consul of the First Republic, on 19 May 1802. Escoffier in 1919, was the first chef to receive such an outstanding award. On March 22nd, 1928 he was promoted to the highest French honour as an ‘Officier de la Legion d’honneur’ and again became the first chef to have received this distinction. He was presented his medal by President Edouard Herriot at the Palais d'Orsay. The ceremony was followed at the Palais by, quote “a remarkable banquet" with Escoffier as the guest of honour. In the last b/w photograph below, Escoffier can be seen shaking President Herriot's hand at the Palais as he is leaving. He is also surrounded by the brigade of chefs that cooked the banquet. This extremely rare menu is from that memorable occasion.

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Information

Ephemera category
ref number: 11113