Elyot. Kt.   Sir Thomas     Very popular early health advice on food. Rare.
The Castle of Health,
Corrected, and in some places Augmented by the first authour thereof, Sir Thomas Elyot [Knight]. NOW NEWLIE PERused, amended, and corrected, this present year 1610. - A publisher's stamp - LONDON, Printed for the Company of Stationers, 1610.
139 x 178 x 15 mm. 1fep. Title page. [1] 5 pages A Proheme of Sir Thomas Elyot. Verso blank. 4 pages A Table. The First Book 13 - 22. The Second Book 22 - 80. The Third Book 80 - 112. The Fourth Book 112 - 140. 1fep. The title page quite browned and with a stain. A stain running from the title page to page 30, although not affecting text. Cropped at the top of the block with capital page headings in all pages slightly cropped but mostly still readable. A modern full brown calf binding with nicely and sympathetically blind-stamped boards. Spine with blind stamped raised bands and title in gilt.
- Thomas Elyot was the child of Sir Richard Elyot's first marriage with Alice De la Mare, but neither the date nor place of his birth is accurately known. It was claimed Elyot was an alumnus of St Mary Hall, Oxford, while the 'Athenae Cantabrigienses' put in a claim for Jesus College, Cambridge. Elyot himself says in the preface to his Dictionary that he was educated under the paternal roof, and was from the age of twelve his own tutor. In 1511 he accompanied his father on the western circuit as clerk to the assize, and he held this position until 1528. In addition to his father's lands in Wiltshire and Oxfordshire he inherited in 1523 the Cambridge estates of his cousin, Thomas Fynderne. His title was disputed, but Cardinal Wolsey decided in his favour, and also made him clerk of the Privy Council. Elyot, in a letter addressed to Thomas Cromwell, says that he never received the emoluments of this office, while the empty honour of knighthood conferred on him when he was displaced in 1530 merely put him to further expense. In that year he sat on the commission appointed to inquire into the Cambridgeshire estates of his former patron, Wolsey. He was in 1527 appointed High Sheriff of Oxfordshire and Berkshire. In 1531 he received instructions to proceed to the court of Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor, to try to persuade him to take a more favourable view of Henry V111's proposed divorce from his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, the emperor's aunt. As ambassador Elyot was involved in ruinous expense, and on his return he wrote unsuccessfully to Cromwell begging to be excused, on the grounds of his poverty, from serving as High Sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire for 1532. He was one of the commissioners in the inquiry instituted by Cromwell prior to the suppression of the monasteries but he did not obtain any share of the spoils. There is little doubt that his known friendship for Thomas More militated against his chances of success, for in a letter addressed to Cromwell he admitted his friendship for More, but protested that he rated higher his duty to the king. From 1539 to 1542 he represented the borough of Cambridge in parliament. He had purchased from Cromwell the manor of Carleton in Cambridgeshire, where he died. Elyot received little reward for his services to the state, but his scholarship and his books were held in high esteem by his contemporaries. As a prose writer, Elyot enriched the English language with many new words. In 1536 he published the first edition of 'The Castell of Health', which was a popular treatise on medicine, intended to place a scientific knowledge of the art within the reach of those unacquainted with Greek. This work, though scoffed at by the faculty, was appreciated by the general public, and speedily went through seventeen editions. These writings and knowledge of the time had a large effect on cooks as well. We see that the cookery books of the next century were much more developed and numerous. The hunger and need for people to improve the quality of life and health always pushes the need for pragmatic solutions. In the first half of the next century we see cookery books with 50% cookery and 50% medical advice side by side. This practice started to die out in the later part of the century where medical books stood alone next to books only with cookery recipes and advice. Besides this edition of 1610, some of the other books on Health in the same century by other authors are ; 'The Garden of Health' by William Langham 1633. 'The Haven of Health' by Thomas Cogham 1636. 'Regimen Sanitatis Salerni' Anon. 1649. 'Via Recta Ad Vitam Longam' by Thos. Venner 1650. 'The Rules of Health and Food' by Thomas Moffat 1655. 'The Way to Health' by Thomas Tryon 1691.

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Antiquarian category
ref number: 11253

Escoffier .   Georges Auguste     very rare.
La Morue.
A. ESCOFFIER LA VIE A BON MARCHE La morue 82 recettes -- pour -- l'accommoder ERNEST FLAMMARION, EDITEUR 26, RUE RACINE, PARIS. [2] A. ESCOFFIER Le riz L'ALIMENT LE MEILLEUR, LE PLUS NUTRIF 130 recettes -- pour -- l'accommoder ERNEST FLAMMARION, EDITEUR 26, RUE RACINE, PARIS.
FIRST EDITION. 1929. In original Yellow cover with red writing. The front cover with the same exact text as the title page. 1fep. [1] V1-V11 [1] [1] 10-67. p2. Advertisements. Nice clean condition, very slightly age browned throughout. 3 pages plus the inside cover with advertisements. The back cover advertising 4 of Escoffier's books with prices.
- Escoffier was a prolific writer publishing many Culinary gems over a long distinguished career as the most famous Chef in the world. La Morue is among the last of his ten major works, which he published at the grand ages of 80. It is also a very rare item, due in part to its delicate assembly and not appearing in major collections nor auctions.

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Modern category
ref number: 11255

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - 1st edition of Escoffier's classic in the original state.
Le Guide Culinaire
BIBLIOTHEQUE PROFESSIONNELLE Le Guide Culinaire AIDE-MEMOIRE DE CUISINE PRATIQUE Par A. ESCOFFIER AVEC LA COLLABOATION De MM. Phileas GILBERT - E. FETU A. Suzanne, B. Reboul, Ch, Dietrich, A. Caillat, ETC. Dessins de Victor Morin - Je place ce livre sous le ptronage psthume de Urbain Dubois et Emile Bernard, en teimoignage de mon admiration pour ceux qui, depuis Careme ont porte le plus haut la gloire de l'Art Culiniare. A.E. - (printers device of two branches) PARIS 1903 - Tous droits de traduction et de reproduction reserves pour tous les pays, y compris le Suede, la Norvege et le Danemark.
FIRST EDITION. 220x135mm. Front paste-down and end-paper with patterned paper. [1] Half title. Verso with advertisement. Title page. Escoffier's facsimile signature on the verso. 3p Avant Propos. Verso with Abbreviations. 2p Remarks. 1p Advertisement. Verso with Tables de Chapitres. 1-766. 1p Methode de Repartition. 768-769 Menus. 1p plus 1 Folding plate showing service times and tasks. 771-786 Menus. (1)788-790 Table. (1)+p792 Errata. 4p Advertisements. 1fep. Back end-paper and paste-down with patterned paper. All paper age browned and brittle which is typical of this and other books of this time, due to poor quality paper being used. Two pages are loose and the folding plate has been expertly repaired with one of the folds a little darker than the rest. The original dark brown cloth with the Art Nouveau design and gilt lettering on the front still nice and bright. The spine has compartments with blind tooling and gilt lettering. The top compartment cloth is missing with the under material still brown and blending well. Overall a nice copy in its original state albeit somewhat brittle. A very scarce book.
- This is Escoffier's great classic from which so much has come about. Used as the basis for his'L'Aide Memoire Culinaire' 1910. Also Louis Saulnier's 'Le Repertoire de la Cuisine' 1914. The folding plate was used in Escoffier's volume of menus, 'Le Livre des Menus' 1912, which was written to compliment 'Le Guide Culinaire'. Later in 1934 we see in his final publication: 'Ma Cuisine", the classical recipes modified for the housewife. Le Guide Culinaire and the organisation of the Kitchen Brigade brought about by Escoffier during his life, became the basis of all theory and practical training taught in Catering Colleges. Andre Simon in his forward to the first English edition of 'Ma Cuisine' 1965, writes a very endearing description of Escoffier the person, and proclaims his rightful place at the head of the table, due to his towering achievements and the unchallenged position he occupies in the realm of Gastronomy.

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Modern category
ref number: 11059

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - A signed copy
A Guide To Modern Cookery
BY A. ESCOFFIER OF THE CARLTON HOTEL WITH PORTRAIT NEW AND REVISED EDITION LONDON WILLIAM HEINEMANN 1916.
Fourth impression of the fist English edition of 1907. 3 feps (1fep with 2 b/w photos of cakes and the signature in ink of Manuel Paget). Half title with Escoffier's signature in pencil - "A. Escoffier Avril 1917". [2] Frontispiece of 'Escoffier'. Title Page with tissue guard. [1] (1)vi-x Preface. (1)xii Contents. (1)xiv-xvi Glossary. (1)2-848. (1)Index half-title. [1] 312-891 Index. [1] 2feps. Bound in modern mid-brown half calf with brown cloth boards and calf corners. Spine with raised bands and gilt lines, tooling and lettering. Very good condition throughout. All edges green. A rare signed copy.
- This copy of 'A Guide To Modern Cookery' has two very nice contemporary black and white photographs pasted-in the page before the half-title. One is of a beautiful christening cake with pulled sugar flowers and decorated chocolate run-outs, the other a wedding croquembouche with the same style of sugar flowers and chocolate work. Both cakes probably the work of the same Patissier. Above the photographs is the signature of 'Manual Paget'. Having done some research into Manual Paget with no positive results, one can possibly assume that he may have been the Patissier responsible for the cakes he pasted in to the book he'd had signed and dated by Escoffier; on Avril 1917. Escoffier was Maitre Chef de Cuisine at the Carlton Hotel, Pall Mall, London. His tenure there lasted 20 years - 1899-1919.

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Modern category
ref number: 10931

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - The last edition edited by Escoffier.
Le Guide Culinaire.
A. ESCOFFIER avec la collaboration de MM. Phileas GILBERT et Emile FETU Le guide culinaire Aide-memoire de cuisine pratique (printers device) PRIS ERNEST FLAMMARION, EDITEUR 26, rue Racine, 26 Tous droits de traduction, de reproduction et d'adaptation reserves pour tous les pays. With an ink inscription dated, Kathmandu 1997.
4th Edition 1921. 240x168mm. 1fep. The original cardboard cover bound in. [1] Half title. [1] Title page. Verso, Printers copyright 1921. (1)vi Avant Propos 1902. (1)viii-x Introduction, deuxieme edition 1907. (1)xii Introduction, troisieme edition 1912. (1)Introduction, quatrieme edition 1921. [1] 1-900. 1p Table Alphabetique. [1] (1)904-937 Table Alphabetique. [1] 1p Table des Chapitres. [1] (1)942 Table des Chapitres. 2feps. Internally age browned through out and slightly brittle. The last page of Table des Chapitres with a 1" tear repaired with a loss of a few letters. Modern dark brown half calf with marbled boards. Raised bands on spine with gilt lettering. Overall a nice copy.
- The first edition was printed in 1903 in French. An abbreviated version was translated into English in 1907. The second French edition was printed 1907. The third edition in French was 1912. This 4th edition was revised in 1921; this version was not translated into English until 1979. Escoffier was involved in the changes to all the four editions up to 1921. A great book, one of the masterpieces and cornerstones of French gastronomy.

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Modern category
ref number: 11081

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - A beautiful copy bound by Sangorski and Sutcliffe
A Guide To Modern Cookery
BY A. ESCOFFIER OF THE CARLTON HOTEL LONDON WILLIAM HEINEMANN 1907. Inserted inside --- a 4 page promotional pamphlet for: ESCOFFIER LIMITED. Wholesale Department:- RIDGEMONT STREET. (Off Shore Street) TOTTENHAM COURT ROAD, LONDON, WC. Inside it tells us: ESCOFFIER PREPARATIONS. Manufactured under the Supervision of MONS. ESCOFFIER. of the Carlton Hotel. London. With lists of all Escoffier items and prices.
FIRST ENGLISH EDITION. Royal Octavo. Marbled paste-down back and front with marbled endpapers. 1fep. Half title. [1] Frontispiece of 'Escoffier'. Title Page. [1] 1+v-x Preface. 1+xii Contents. 1+xiv-xvi Glossary. 1+2-880. 1fep. Beautifully bound by Sangorski and Sutcliffe in full green morocco. Beautiful gilt tooling to edges and spine with gilt motif of crossed knifes and forks and sand timers on corners of the boards. A red goatskin label with gilt lettering. All page edges gilt. Housed for protection in a sympathetic green buckram and morocco covered slip case. Internally - as new.
- This is the second copy of 'A Guide to Modern Cookery' 1907, I have seen with the promotional pamphlet tucked inside. It is quite possible that Escoffier had this nicely designed, four page price list inserted in every copy of 'A Guide to Modern Cookery'. Escoffier (1846-1935) was a great innovator, as can be seen by the large range of sauces, soups, pickles, consomme's, vinegars etc (even the famous Sauce Melba) featured in the pamphlet. Probably the most lasting but least known food item that he developed and started producing on a large commercial scale, was tinned tomatoes. He is credited, in their excellent biography of Escoffier by Eugene Herbodeau and Paul Thalamas, of first producing 2000 x 2 kilo tins in Saxon-les-Bains for the Savoy Hotel, while he was Chef de Cuisine. The fame of the product grew so fast that the following year, the food manufacturer, La Maison Caressa of Nice produced 60.000 kilos under his direction. This book is in exceptional condition and with the enclosed Escoffier pamphlet which in itself is a rare piece of ephemera, makes this item very desirable.

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Information

Modern category
ref number: 10928

ESCOFFIER.   GEORGES AUGUSTE     - A signed copy.
A GUIDE TO MODERN COOKERY
BY A. ESCOFFIER OF THE CARLTON HOTEL WITH PORTRAIT NEW AND REVISED EDITION (with a printer's device and initials M.H.) LONDON WILLIAM HEINEMANN 1907
FIRST ENGLISH EDITION. 165x250mm. 1fep with signature in black ink - "A. Escoffier" and the page has light foxing. [1] Half Title. Verso with Advertisements. [1] Frontispiece of 'Escoffier' with tissue guard with a 1/2" oil stain on the edge, not affecting the photograph. (the oil stain affects the edge of all to page 33. Does not affect the text). Title Page. [1] (1)vi-x Preface. (1)xii Contents. (1)xiv-xvi Glossary. (1)1-848. [1p Index] [1] (1)852-891 Index. 1p Advertisements. 1fep with light foxing. Original full green cloth binding with gilt writing and tooling on the spine and front cover - very fresh. It has also been expertly re-laid and strengthened. Internally very good with slight browning and foxing to the feps. With the signature and the original cover; a rare & handsome copy.
- The provenance of this book is quite interesting. The father of a Welsh family owned this book since 1950-51. He was part of a Family musical act called 'Seven de Guise Seymours'. They used to feature in the music halls from the mid 1920's till the outbreak of WW11. He was also a friend of Elton Hayes who was the lute player in the early Robin Hood films and known to the family as Uncle Bish. Hayes was in the habit of spending Christmas with the Welsh family. He always brought the family nice presents. One of them being this signed copy of Escoffier's 'Guide to Modern Cookery'. A fine item for a collector of cookery books.

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Modern category
ref number: 11108

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - With Escoffier's menu, booklet and ephemera.
The Carlton Hotel
One of Escoffier's Menus as well as a booklet with recipes for His sauces and two of Eugene Herbodeau's menus plus other Carlton Hotel Ephemera.
The Carlton Restaurant 'Carte du Jour' menu is dated 29th Avril 1908. It is slightly age-browned with ink inscriptions at the top describing some new dishes not featured on the menu. There are 2 dinner menu's from 4 Carlton Gardens dated 15 and 31st March, without a yearly date. Then two of Eugene Herbodeau's menus, the first for Xmas Dinner and a separate blue invitation card to New Years Reveillon. The second menu is a very rare special Luncheon with Anna Pavlova as main guest. Also enclosed is a recipe booklet with the original blue covers almost detached. It has Escoffier's name and the Carlton Hotel 'coat of arms' embossed in slightly faded gilt on the front cover. It is titled 'A Few Recipes'. It has a title page. p 1 Introduction. p 3-7 Preface. p 8-40 Recipes. p 41-42 Advertisements for Escoffier Sauces. p 43-44 Advertisement for 'A Guide to Modern Cookery'. p 45-47 Index. [1] There is a blue water stain in the top corner of all pages, not affecting the text. Also a finely designed folded card advertising the 25th Anniversary of the Carlton Hotel, very beautifully decorated in silver with blue leaves and a border of fruit; It has three finely drawn vignettes of the Hotel, the Restaurant and the Palm Room. Also enclosed is a b/w photograph of Escoffier and Eugene Herbodeau and another b/w photograph of the Carlton Hotel, circa 1910. All housed in an specially made clam-shell box bound in half mid-tan calf with tan cloth boards. The spine with raised bands and gilt lettering.
- Auguste Escoffier's tenure at the Carlton lasted from 1899 - 1819. His Carte du Jour menu is dated 1908. The two menus from 4 Carlton Gardens, which was the residence of Lord Balfour (Ex-Prime Minister) are believed to be Escoffier's. This cannot be proven, but the menus were a part of a large amount of purely Escoffier ephemera that this compiler purchased. The recipe booklet and four page advertisement sheet features products and recipes promoting 'Escoffier's Sauces' that were produced and sold by his company - 'Escoffier (1907) Ltd' at 6 Ridgemont Street, Tottenham Court Road, London. Mons. Eugene Herbodeau was a one-time protege of Escoffier's and also his literary executor. Together with Paul Thalamas he wrote and published a history and biography of his great mentor. He was commis Chef Poissonier under Escoffier at the Carlton in 1913. He also became Chef de Cuisine at the Carlton Hotel after Escoffier retired in 1819. In the black and white photograph, Escoffier is quite old and in civilian clothes. Herbodeau is in a Chefs uniform. As Escoffier passed away in 1935 we can assume this photograph was taken at the Carlton Hotel sometime before his death. An interesting footnote to Escoffier’s time at the Carlton, concerns the future President of North Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh [HCM]. Before becoming President he worked in the hotel kitchens from 1913 to 1917. He was waiting quietly in London for events to unfold, secretly hoping the conflict in the colonial regime in Indochina would lead to its collapse. When HCM started his job in the spring of 1913, he was part of the kitchen washing and cleaning team. For the staff, it was not unusual to see wealthy and famous clients leaving a lot of food on their plates after their meals. Whenever HCM saw a large chunk of beefsteak or a large piece of chicken untouched, he would transfer them to a clean plate and send them back to the kitchen. One time Escoffier asked HCM, “Why didn’t you throw these into the bins like others do?” HCM answered, “These things shouldn’t be thrown away. You could give them to the poor.” Escoffier was amused and pleased, “My dear young friend, please listen to me! Leave your revolutionary ideas aside for now, and I will teach you the art of cooking, which will bring you a lot of money. Do you agree?” Shortly after this conversation, HCM was promoted to the pastry and cake section, and Escoffier taught him the art of fine French desserts. He followed the grand chef’s instructions diligently, and with a keen interest. On French pastries, especially the pâte brisé, HCM mastered the skill very quickly. Escoffier had pioneered the techniques on how to mix the ingredients, how to handle the dough, and the key steps in the baking process that would produce a light, fluffy, and crispy crust. From the beginning, HCM’s mentor had noticed his unusual intelligence, and he always appreciated HCMs thoughtfulness and polite manners. Escoffier had no doubt that HCM (one of his favourite chefs) could have had a promising career ahead of him in the world of French haute cuisine. The Carlton Hotel was in its time one of, if not the most famous hotel in the world. Unfortunately it existed for only forty years. It opened in 1899 and was completely destroyed by Nazi Germany during the London Blitz in early 1940, after 57 consecutive nights of air raids ordered by Hitler. Any ephemera and menus from Escoffier's and Herbodeau's time working there are extremely scarce, and to have this varied and unique collection is quite rare.

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Modern category
ref number: 11064

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     Superlatively rare.
Menus and recipes signed by Escoffier.
Two menus with recipes signed and annotated with one page also initialized by Escoffier and a single recipe from the Guide Culinaire in Escoffier's typical messy hand writing. Also one page of unusual Ephemera signed twice.
Comprising: 4 different items protected in separate plastic sleeves. All housed in a marbled folder with label. -- ITEM 1. 1page. 222 x 153mm. n.d. Recipe for ‘Boeuf en Miroton’, [circa.1903] written in Escoffier’s distinctive handwriting. Comprising 18 lines outlining the recipe with a comment beneath (‘J’avais oublié ce bon Miroton’), with other annotations in pencil, and blue crayon in another hand. The page appears to be extracted from a notebook. (The recipe for Boeuf en Miroton appeared in Escoffier’s Le Guide Culinaire, 1st edition of 1903). Enclosed with one page of English translation. Very good condition. -- ITEM 2. 2 pages. 265 x 207mm. Stapled. nd. Small tear to top left corner of second page; A typed menu in very clear blue ink on well preserved thin yellow paper, initialled by Escoffier on page 1, and signed by him on page 2. The first page is a “Homage à BRILLAT SAVARIN; En souvenir des Diners de la Gentilhommière de Vieu”. The first page explaining the inspiration behind the menu; Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin and his cousin, Juliette Récamier. The second page giving an extravagant 9 course menu, commencing with Hors d’oeuvres, Caviar and Huîtres crûes en Gelée de Champagne. Enclosed with 2 pages of English translation. Very good condition. -- ITEM 3. 5 pages, 268 x 209mm. Stapled. nd. A typed menu and recipes in very clear black ink on well preserved thin white paper. Annotated and signed by Escoffier on page 5. A six course delightful dinner titled “LA PROVENCE; LES DELICES DE LA COTE D’AZUR; Pays des Rêyes dorés”. Given for ‘un personnage de nationalité anglaise’. The dishes including Melon de Cavaillon au Frontignan, Mignonettes d'Agneau de lait Mireille, and la Mousse Abricot de Rose de Monteux. Followed by all the recipes for the dishes. Enclosed with 5 pages of English translation. Very good condition. -- ITEM 4. 1 page of ephemera. 190x 125mm. An invoice or stock note headed: Aktiebolaget Svenska Handelsbanken, Stockholm, on blue paper, interestingly, signed twice by Escoffier. With his home address in Monte-Carlo. Dated 9th January 1933. Very good condition.
- Escoffier's very full life and literary output is well documented. His Hotel collaborations with Cesar Ritz, his restaurants on board famous ocean liners, his 'Escoffier Company' range of preserved and bottled foodstuffs, his colleagues and apprentices who became famous in their own right. The associations and foundations that sprang up in his memory after he died attest to the deep affection in which he was held. These enclosed items serve up a fine glimpse of the loving and detailed effort he put into these two private functions. It also helps to show why he was held in the highest regard. -- ITEM 1: Written in Escoffier’s hand but with no date. Obviously, it’s a page from a notebook, and as it is not dated, one may assume it was written before the first publication of the recipe in his ‘Guide Culinaire’ of 1903. Otherwise why would Escoffier re-write it when it is already published. A mystery.! -- ITEM 2: Escoffier informs us that this dinner took place in the lounge of the Table Francaise of the Restaurant Garnier on rue de l,Isly. He further states that being the President of the Society of the Table Francaise, whose headquarters were also on rue de l,Isly, he Escoffier, was asked to compose the menu. -- ITEM 3. A lunch served for an unnamed English gentleman in a private villa between Cannes and Monte-Carlo. Escoffier describes the setting for the lunch in quite descriptive and poetic terms. One can almost feel the warm winter sunshine and smell the Mimosa etc. To have a menu created by the Master with accompanying recipes, is rare. -- ITEM 4. This little invoice is a mystery. Dated 23 months before his death, one wonders where Escoffier signed for this. Surely not Stockholm but a branch of Aktiebolaget Svenska Handelsbanken near the Monte-Carlo or further afield in France perhaps.? A search of the bank’s history did not enlighten. It also appears that Escoffier signed and dated the invoice in the first instance, then signed it a second time as a complimentary gift to someone. Rare indeed with the two signatures. --- Due to Escoffier’s output as a prolific writer, signed letters are very scarce but not rare, but still fetching large amounts of money at auction. However, we can elevate to extreme rarity these signed menus with fine detailed recipes and descriptions, of the two private functions organised and recorded by the great man himself.

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Ephemera category
ref number: 11249

Escoffier.   Georges Auguste     - In its original bottle with rare Escoffier ephemera.
The Escoffier. Sauce Diable a'la Provencale
Four original items from Escoffier's company; Escoffier Ltd - 1903 and 1907.
ITEM 1. An original bottle of "The Escoffier Sauce Diable a'la Provencale". The sauce is still liquid with trapped air bubbles. It has the original blind-stamped metal cap and labels, all in excellent condition. This is an original bottle with the Escoffier Ltd. Ridgemont address. Later bottles have 'Escoffier' embossed in the glass back and front, as well as other later London addresses on the front label. ITEM 2. A recipe booklet with the original blue covers slightly loose and a small strip missing from the front cover without loss to text.. It has Escoffier's name and the Carlton Hotel' coat of arms' embossed on the front cover. It is titled 'A Few Recipes' and has a title page. p 1 Introduction. p 4-38 Recipes. p 39-42 Cookery and Health tips. p 43 Advertisement for Escoffier Ltd. [1] p 45-46 Advertisement for 'A Guide to Modern Cookery'. [1] p 48-51 Index. [1] Slightly age-browned throughout with a small stain affecting first 2 pages but not the text. ITEM 3. A lovely beautifully produced four page 'Escoffier Ltd' promotional pamphlet and price list for all Escoffier Sauces, and we are also informed the Preparations can be obtained from all high-class Grocers and Stores. ITEM 4. This is a second four page promotional pamphlet and price list titled 'Escoffier (1907) Ltd', in nice clean condition, . As the first pamphlet is elaborately decorated with a coloured image of one of the products and the text in red and black, the second is obviously a cheaper and later price list aimed at cutting costs. Interestingly this later pamphlet informs that the Preparations are stocked by the majority of high-class grocers and stores throughout the United States. All housed in a specially made clam-shell box with half mid-tan calf and brown cloth boards. The spine with raised bands, gilt lines and one red and one green label with gilt lettering. The four items form a unique and rare look at the marketing for Escoffier's famous sauces.
- Georges Auguste Escoffier, who began his career as a chef at age 13 in 1859 and is credited as one of the creators of what is now considered classical French cooking and was far ahead of his time in surprising ways. In 1903, while Chef de Cuisine at the Carlton Hotel in London, he started a company, Escoffier Ltd., to sell his sauces. He was concerned about nutrition and the effects of the pace of modern life on dining; despite his devotion to the good life, he was not fat. He started experimenting with tinned vegetables, notably tomatoes. While still at the Savoy Hotel, London in 1898, he is credited, in their excellent biography of Escoffier by Eugene Herbodeau and Paul Thalamas, of first producing 2000 x 2 kilo tins of tomatoes in Saxon-les-Bains for the Savoy. The fame of the product grew so fast that the following year, the food manufacturer, La Maison Caressa of Nice produced 60.000 kilos under his direction. This was the precursor to his famous sauces being bottled and sold through Escoffier Ltd. In 1915 Escoffier Ltd was sold. (Sadly after 80 years of business deals and corporate takeovers, only a remnant of it lingers on in America in two products, Nabisco Sauces - Diable and Robert). Escoffier supported any effort that made cooking simpler, cleaner, better organized, more widely appreciated or easier for chefs and home cooks alike. Despite the foie gras and truffles, the elaborate garnishes and rich sauces listed in various editions of his cookery book 'Le Guide Culinaire', (1st ed. 1903) Escoffier's work was still a sharp departure from the culinary practices that existed before. Not only did he greatly simplify the recipes and methods of food presentation that had existed previously, but he also re-invented the very manner in which professional kitchens were organized. To speed up service, which was something diners even in his day demanded, he created the brigade system of key specialised departments with teams headed by Chefs de Parties, responsible for all the individual parts of the different dishes presented in all the menus; A'la Carte, Du Jour, Banqueting, Room service, Parties privees etc. He also invented the prix fixe menu. Another poorly recorded, but constant character trait of Escoffier, was the effort he expended to help improve the conditions under which chefs worked. "When I started, chefs had no status in society," he wrote in his memoirs. "That should not be the case because cooking is a science and an art, and the man who works with all his heart to satisfy people deserves to be recognized." The preface to his great classic, 'A Guide to Modern Cookery' - 1907, (the 1st English edition of 'Le Guide Culinaire' of 1903), is a revelation. From a chef’s point of view, the observations that Escoffier espoused then in 1903, and in subsequent editions, ring just as loud today. It is no wonder that modern chefs are re-finding Escoffier. It is also another indicator of his lasting genius and true impact over time. Pierre Escoffier, who was 26 when his grandfather died in 1935, helped create and head the Auguste Escoffier Foundation. The Escoffier Museum is now based near Nice in the village of Villeneuve-Loubet, in the house where Escoffier was born. This item belongs in such a museum. The original sauce in the bottle, the well produced 4 page 'Escoffier Ltd' promotional pamphlet, the other plainer but rarer price list, and the little recipe booklet by Escoffier, give a true insight into Escoffier’s marketing astuteness.

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Information

Ephemera category
ref number: 11051