Woolley.   Hannah     - two incomplete copies, together making one whole.
The Gentlewomans Companion,
OR, A GUIDE TO THE Female Sex: CONTAINING Directions of Behaviour, in all Places, Companies, Relations and Conditions, form their Child-hood down to Old Age: VIZ. As, Children to Parents. Scholars to Governours. Single to Servants. Virgins to Suitors. Married to Husbands. Huswifes to the House. Mistress to Servants. Mothers to Children. Widows to the World. Prudent to all. With LETTERS & DISCOURSES upon all Occasions. Whereunto is added, A Guide fotr Cook-maids, Dairy-maids, chamber-maids, and all others that go to Service. The whole beingan exact Rule for the Female Sex in General. By HANNAH WOOLLEY. LONDON, Printed by A.Maxwell for Edward Thomas, at the Adam and Eve in Little-Brittan, 1675.
1ST BOOK: 16mo. 1 loose fep with manuscript signature. Title Page in red and black text with a double lined border. [1] 7p Epistle Directory. [1] 9p A Table. [1] 1-262. 5p Advertisements. [1] Only the back cardboard cover present but exposed. Original full dark calf binding, completely dis-bound. A 1" tear and crack on the spine. (Missing -- Frontispiece, I, I8, K8, L, R-R8. P159-160 has 2" tear on outer edge with some text loss. First 4p of the rear Advertisements). The text block is quite clean with minimal age browning and some minor tears without loss. A nice clean copy. 2ND BOOK: 16mo. 2fep. [1] Engraved Frontispiece cropped and laid down. Title page in red and black text, cropped to inside line of the 2 line border and laid down. [1] 5p Epistle Directory. [1] 9p A Table. [1] 1-262. 8p Advertisements. 2feps. (Missing - pA4 of Epistle Directory and the last page of the rear advertisements). Half dark calf with marbled boards with a sunned spine and gilt lettering. Text block age browned with the top of the pages cropped without loss. Both copies housed in a modern half mid-tan calf clam-shell box with mid-brown cloth boards. Lined with black felt cloth. The spine with raised bands and gilt lines. With two labels of red and green morocco with gilt lettering. Unusually Woolley's name spelled differently here from the 'Wolley' in her other book - 'The Queen-like Closet'.
- Woolley, (born 1623 - died circa 1675) was a writer who published early books on household management and was probably the first to earn their living doing this. Her mother and elder sisters were all skilled in ‘Physick and Chirurgery’ and she learned from them . Nothing is known of her father. From 1639 to 1646 Woolley worked as a servant for an unnamed woman, almost certainly Anne, Lady Maynard (died,1647), during which time she learned about medical remedies and recipes. She married Jerome Woolley, a schoolmaster, in 1646 and with him, ran a free grammar school at Newport, in Essex. This is very near the Maynard family's house at Little Easton. In the school she put into practice her skills at ‘physick’. A few years later, the Woolleys opened a school in Hackney, London. She had at least four sons and two daughters, and the marriage was remembered by Hannah as a happy one. Hannah was widowed in 1661 and from that year on began publishing books on household management. She covered such topics as: recipes, notes on domestic management, embroidery instruction, the etiquette of letter writing, medicinal advice, and perfume making. These proved to be very popular. Her first book The Ladies Directory was published at her own expense in 1661, and this was soon reprinted in 1664. Her second book The Cooks Guide, was printed at a her publisher's expense and is dedicated to Maynard's daughter, Lady Anne Wroth (1632–1677), and her own daughter Mary. Woolley earned a reputation as a successful physician, despite her amateur status and the unwelcoming environment for female medical practitioners at that time in history. She used her books as an advertisement for her skills and invited her readers to consult her in person. Woolley remarried in 1666 at St. Margaret's, Westminster, to Francis Challiner, a widower two years older than herself. But her second husband died before February 1669. Woolley's own date of death is unknown. Rather than try to make a made-up complete copy with the difference in cropped page sizes and varying paper colour, the two copies here have been kept as they are and housed together in a handsomely bound clamshell box. The first edition was published in 1673. Even though this is an unauthorized text based on Hannah's books, never the less it is still Woolley's work and extremely rare.

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ref number: 11130

Woolley.   Hannah     - The rare first edition.
THE COMPLEAT SERVANT-MAID.
OR, THE Young Maidens Tutor. Diersting how they may fit, and qualifie themselves for any of those Employments. Viz, Waiting Women, House-keeper, Chamber-maid, Cook-Maid, Under Cook-Maid, Nursery-maid, Dairy-Maid, House-Maid, Scullery-Maid. (a single line) Composed for the great benefit and advantage of all young Maidens. (a single line) LONDON, Printed for T. Passinger, at the tree Bibles on London Bridge, 1677.
FIRST EDITION. 150x92mm. 1fep with large bookplate of John George Mortlock and Licence information on Verso. Title page has a full double line border. [1] 7 pages The Epistle. [1] 1-167. 3 pages Advertisements. 2feps. 2 folding plates of writing examples, between pages 20-21. 1 plate repaired without loss. Pages 142-154 Bills of Fare. Lightly age-browned throughout. Original dark brown calf boards neatly re-tipped. Modern calf spine sympathetically bound in.
- Jilly Lehmann in her very informative book ‘The British Housewife’ has assembled from meagre facts a good dated biography of Hannah Woolley. Probably born 1623, she was one of the most prolific Elizabethan cookery writers. Due to the fact that her works were heavily plagiarised and she produced in total, five cookery books between 1661 and 1677, it made her the dominant figure amongst cookery authors. She was also the first to put her name to her works (although this volume remains anonymous) and make a precarious living from writing cookery books. In the supplement of ‘The Queen-like Closet’, Woolley informs us the she learned her cookery skills from her mother and elder sisters. By the age of seventeen she was employed for seven years by a noble lady, who encouraged her by buying her ingredients and books. She then married Woolley in 1647 when she was twenty-four. Woolley was the master of a free school at Newport Pond in Essex. Seven years later they moved and opened another school in Hackney with sixty boarders. Woolley died leaving Hannah with four children to support. She then married Francis Challinor in 1666. In the early 1660’s she possibly worked for Lady Anne Wroth and her daughter Mary to whom ‘The Cooks Guide’ is dedicated. This last book of Woolley’s is unusual, in that it addresses the complete back-of-house department skills besides just the kitchen. Addressing all the servants, or in Woolley’s words; Young Maidens, advising them of the various crucial skills needed to secure their position and improve them and importantly, to please their titled employers. This book shows just how astute Woolley was. She identified the back-of-house areas not generally covered solely in cookery books and produced one just specifically for that purpose. Oxford has a 1677 edition and comments on the usefulness of this little book. He informs of a 9th edition of 1729 with a supplement, but the plates removed. Hazlitt and Cagle have each a 5th edition of 1691. COPAC shows nine copies of the 1677 - 1st edition in UK holdings.

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ref number: 11215

Wright.   Michael     - One of the largest engraved plates of a dinner table
Roger Earl of Castlemaine's Embassy,
AN ACCOUNT OF HIS EXCELLENCE Roger Earl of Castlemaine's Embassy, From His Sacred Majesty JAMES the 11d. King of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, &c. To His Holiness INNOCENT X1. PUBLISHED FORMERLY IN THE ITALIAN TONGUE, By Mr. MICHAEL WRIGHT, Chief Steward of His Excellences House at Rome. And now made English, With several Amendments, and Additions. Licensed Roger L'Estrange. LONDON, Printed by Tho. Snowden for the Author. 1688.
FIRST ENGLISH EDITION. Large 4to. 1fep. An engraved portrait of Maria D.G. (wife of James 11) Title page. 2pp dedication 'To the Queen' 1p engraving of Pope Innocent X1th. 1-116. 1fep. 14 engraved plates and one that is a folding double page plate measuring 115cm x 31.5cm. (It had some tears that have been expertly repaired with no loss). Original slightly patchy full brown calf (Patchiness due to polishing) with wonderful ornate blind tooling on the boards and spine compartments with raised bands. The title 'Castlemaine's Embassy' length ways in gilt in one compartment. On both covers there is a fresh gilt coat of arms for "The Society of Writers to the Signet" Very slightly scuffed on the corners. Pages very slightly browned at edges and some dusty. Expertly repaired tears to pages 11&13 with no loss. Overall a very nice, desirable copy with wide page margins.
- The first English edition of Michael John Wright's (1625?-1700) description of Roger Palmer, the Earl of Castlemaine's (1634-1705) embassy to Pope Innocent X1. The first edition was in Italian, published in Rome one year earlier. Castlemaine was a member of King James 11's secret council of Catholics. When James 11 decided to establish relations with Rome, Castlemaine was appointed ambassador and he departed from Greenwich on 25th February 1685. Apparently despite all the pomp and circumstance of Castlemaine's entrance, the Pope gave him a cold reception and was ultimately put-off with Castlemaine's zeal in trying to strenghthen James 11's ties with Rome. During this trip Wright was Castlemiane's majordomo and his Account describes the feasts and festivities of Castlemaine's efforts to impress Pope Innocent X1. The book is of great culinary interest because of its description of the foods created for and eaten by Castlemaine and his entourage, as well as for the wonderful baroque plates engraved by Arnold Van Westerhout (after drawings by Giovanni Battista Lenardi) of the banquet Castlemaine organised for the Pope. Foods eaten include pickles, parmesan cheese, 'Bologna-Sauciges', meat courses announced with wind instruments, ortolans, 'Taratufoli' (Truffles), sweetmeats, wines, fruits, liquors etc etc. The plates depict Castlemaine's banquet table arrayed with numerous 'Trionfi' (triumphial) sculptures of historical and mythological figures made from sugar' Quoting from the text, Michael Wright states; "The breadth of the said Table was eight foot, and thro' the middle of it, from one end to other ran a Range of Historical Figures, some almost half as big as life. They are made of a sugar paste, (similar to modern Pastilliage) but modelled to the utmost skill of a Statuary. Afterwards they are sent as presents to the greatest Ladies. Their use at entertainments is to gratifie the eye as the Meat, Musique, and Perfumes, do the other Senses." The very large folding table plate depicts this banquet table and most of the additional plates illustrate the most elaborate of the trionfi as well as the fantastic and beautiful ornate coaches Castlemaine used. This copy was owned and bound by the Society of Writers to the Signet. The Society's special coat of arms stamped in gilt on the book's covers was the private seal of the early Scottish Kings and the 'Writers to the Signet' were those authorised to supervise its use and later to act as clerks to the Courts. The earliest recorded use of the Signet was in 1369, and Writers to the Signet were included as members of the College of Justice when it was established in 1532, but the Society did not take definite shape until 1594, when the King's Secretary, as Keeper of the Signet, granted Commissions to a Deputy Keeper and eighteen other writers. The function of the Society has of course, much changed since then, but every summons initiating an action in the Court of Session still "passes the Signet", meaning that it is stamped with the Royal seal. The present Signet was made by the Royal Mint in 1954. The Society is particularly noted for its ownership of the Signet Library, Edinburgh, housed in one of the finest Georgian buildings in the country. It contains about 65,000 books, of which almost half are legal. Of the rest, about 20,000 are of Scottish interest. The Library, begun in 1810 to a design by Robert Reid, with principal interiors by William Stark, originally comprised a Lower Library for the Society, completed in 1815, and an Upper Library for the Faculty of Advocates, completed in 1822, in time for the famous visit of King George IV to Edinburgh. A fascinating book and quite rare.

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ref number: 10985